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Abnormal Psychology in A Changing World 9th Edition By Nevid – Test Bank 

 

 

1

 

Introduction and Methods of Research

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. Which emotional concern has developed in the police photographer who described his

crime scene experiences?

  1. anger                                                                                                                      c.             fear
  2. sadness                                                                                                                  d.             loneliness

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 2

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  Introduction

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In “Cowering Under the Covers,” the woman with bipolar disorder

reports that when she goes beyond the stage of feeling exhilaration, she _________.

  1.             becomes manic
  2.  experiences calm
  3. develops  suicidal thoughts
  4. argues with her husband

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 2                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  Introduction

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Thomas, the young man with paranoid schizophrenia and major depression,

experienced severe symptoms until he ______.

  1.            received two months of treatment in the psychiatric hospital
  2.            found the correct medication
  3.            underwent electroconvulsive therapy
  4.            was given a prefrontal lobotomy

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. An abnormal behavior pattern that is associated with states of intense emotional distress or an impaired ability to function is a(n) ______.
  2. abreaction                                                                                                             c.             perceptual set
  3. reaction formation                                                                              d.             psychological disorder

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO: 1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Abnormal psychology deals chiefly with ______.
  2. diseases                                                                                                 c.   abnormal behaviors
  3. traits                                                                                                       d.   problems of immaturity

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The branch of psychology that deals with the description, causes, and treatment of abnormal

behavior patterns is ______ psychology.

  1. abnormal                                                                                                               c.             evolutionary
  2. social                                                                                                                      d.             developmental

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO: 1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. According to the World Health Organization, which of the 17 countries surveyed had the highest rates of diagnosable psychological disorders?
  2. France                                                                                                                    c.             Haiti
  3. United States                                                                                                        d.             Latvia

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. The term mental disorder is derived from which of the following models?
  2. epigenetic                                                                                            c.             medical
  3. sociological                                                                                          d.             psychological

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Who is affected by abnormal behavior?
  2.              Only those who are mentally ill themselves
  3.              Only those who are related to individuals with a mental illness
  4. Only those who work with individuals with a mental illness
  5.              Virtually everyone

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Nearly one in ______ Americans is directly affected by a diagnosable mental illness at some point

in their lives.

  1. two                                                                                                                                         c.             four
  2. three                                                                                                                      d.             five

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 3                                     Page: 3

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. About one in ______ adult Americans experiences a diagnosable mental illness in a given year.                                                                      a.             two                                                                                                                                         c.             four
  2. three                                                                                                                      d.             five

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 3                                     Page: 3-4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. What is the view about the medical model stated by the authors of your text?
  2. It is not currently a prominent model for understanding abnormal behavior.
  3. It puts the study of abnormal behavior directly in the purview of the field of psychology.
  4. It provides terms such as “symptom” and “disease” which will be emphasized in the text.
  5. It is a major contemporary model, but psychological and sociocultural perspectives also warrant consideration.

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 2                                     Page:  4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1.       The ______ model considers abnormal behavior patterns to be symptoms of underlying illness.
  2.              biogenic                                                                                                                 c.             sociocultural
  3.              behavioral                                                                                                             d.             medical

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 1                                     Page: 4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO: 1.1

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. The authors of your text prefer to use the term “psychological disorder” rather than

“mental disorder” because___________.

  1.             the term “psychological disorder” puts the study of abnormal behavior squarely

within the purview of the field of psychology.

  1.                              the term psychological disorder carries less of a stigma.
  2. the term psychological disorder implies that behavioral change is possible whereas mental disorder suggests a less malleable condition.
  3.                              the term “mental disorder” implies some type of serious illness, whereas the term

“psychological disorder” does not

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 2                                     Page: 4

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. The Surgeon General’s report states that treatment for mental disorders
    is most effective when
  2. pharmacological treatment is monitored weekly by a health care professional.
  3. psychological and pharmacological treatments are combined.
  4. the social and financial needs of the individual are addressed prior to treatment.
  5. clinicians serving an individual are from the same ethnic group.

 

ANSWER:

Diff: 2                                     Page: 5

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO: 1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. According to the 1999 Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Health, what percentage of American adults receives some form of help for mental health problems each year?
  2. 5%
  3. 15%
  4. 25%
  5. 35%

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                     Page: 5

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       The authors use the report of the ______ as a backdrop for this text’s study of abnormal

behavior.

  1. World Health Organization                                                c.             Secretary of Health and Human Services
  2. Surgeon General                                                                                  d.             President’s Commission on Mental Health

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                     Page: 5

Topic: Chapter Introduction

Textbook LO:  1.1

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Which of the following behaviors is considered abnormal?
  2. feeling anxious in anticipation of an important job interview
  3. feeling sad after failing a test
  4.            feeling panic whenever entering a department store
  5.              feeling depressed about losing a loved one

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                     Page: 5

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

                                Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1.                 Which of the following statements about the unusualness criteria for determining abnormality is correct?
  2. It is the only criteria used to determine abnormality
  3.                           It is the best criteria for determining abnormality
  4.                           Statistical deviance or rarity is sufficient to judge abnormality
  5.                            Just because a behavior is unusual does not necessarily mean that it is considered abnormal.

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. ______ societies have norms or standards that define the kinds of behavior acceptable in

given contexts.

  1. Very few                                                                                                                c.             Around 2/3
  2. Around 1/3 of                                                                                      d.             All

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 1                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.                 Which of the following is one of the criteria for determining abnormal behavior as presented in the text?
  2.                              The behavior is time consuming.
  3.              The behavior is selfish.
  4.             The behavior results in loss of income.
  5.              The behavior is socially unacceptable.

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                     Page: 5-7

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. In judging whether a person’s behavior is socially unacceptable or violates

social norms, clinicians must take into account ______.

  1.              ideas of persecution                                                           c.             universal truths
  2.              cultural differences                                             d.             subjects’ expectations

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1. Which statement is true about the view of homosexuality as abnormal?
  2.                           Until the mid-1970s, homosexuality was classified as a mental disorder by the

psychiatric profession.

  1.              After World War I, homosexuality was not viewed as a mental disorder in the

United States but it was in Europe.

  1.              Homosexuality is classified as a mental disorder in the current psychiatric

classification system in the United States but not in Europe.

  1.              Homosexuality is currently classified as a disorder in men but not in women.

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.      Archibald has recurring delusions that he is the King of England. He also hallucinates

that the Queen of England sits next to him and he talks to her throughout the day. Which criterion of

abnormal behavior most closely reflects his behavior?

  1.              significant personal distress                               c.             socially unacceptable behavior
  2.              self-defeating behavior                                      d.             faulty perception of reality

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1.                 Seeing things and hearing voices that are not present are considered ______.
  2.                           delusions                                                                                                               c.             hallucinations
  3.                           compulsions                                                                                                          d.             obsessions

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.                 Kathy has recurring visions of demons chasing her around her house. She also

hears them telling her, “We have come for you!” She is experiencing ______.

  1. delusions                                                                                                               c.             hallucinations
  2. compulsions                                                                                                         d.             obsessions

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1.                 Unfounded ideas, or false beliefs which have no basis in fact, are considered ______.
  2.                           delusions                                                                                                               c.             hallucinations
  3.                           compulsions                                                                                                          d.             obsessions

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Factual

 

  1.                 Alexander believes that aliens from outer space are working together with the CIA in an

elaborate plot to brainwash him with secret messages transmitted through static on his

television. His beliefs are most likely what psychologists would call ______.

  1.                           delusions                                                                                                               c.             hallucinations
  2.                           compulsions                                                                                                          d.             obsessions

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Abigail is suffering from a combination of chronic anxiety and depression, and these conditions cause her to experience many troublesome emotions. Which criterion of abnormal behavior most closely matches her symptoms?
  2.              significant personal distress                               c.             unusual behavior
  3.              self-defeating behavior                                      d.             faulty perception of reality

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 6

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.2

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Which criterion of abnormal behavior most closely matches a college student who must

withdraw due to alcoholism?

  1.            faulty perception of reality
  2.            maladaptive or self-defeating behavior
  3.            unusual behavior
  4.            socially unacceptable behavior

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                     Page: 7

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.3

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Megan has an intense fear of being stuck in an elevator or a similar enclosed place.

Her fears are best described as        ______.

  1. claustrophobia                                                                                     c.             agoraphobia
  2. delusions                                                                                                              d.             ideas of persecution

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 7

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.3

Skill: Applied

 

  1. People are said to have ______diagnoses when they have more than one disorder.
  2. coexisting                                                                                                             c.             comorbid
  3. comingled                                                                             d.             simultaneous

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                     Page: 7

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.3

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       Among Native Americans, hearing the voices of recently deceased loved

ones is considered ______.

  1.              normal
  2.              abnormal
  3.              unusual but not abnormal
  4.              a hallucination due to extreme grief

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                     Page: 8

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       Native Americans often seek help for “White Man’s Illness” (e.g., alcoholism) through ______.
  2.              “White Man’s Medicine”                                    c.             shamans
  3.              native women healer’s                                       d.             medicine men

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                     Page: 8-9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In a number of African cultures, anxiety is expressed as ______.
  2. fears of failure in procreation, in dreams, and complaints about witchcraft
  3. trancelike states
  4. physical symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, or weakness
  5. feelings of guilt or sadness

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In Eastern cultures, depression is experienced largely in terms of ______.
  2. fears of failure in procreation, in dreams, and complaints about witchcraft
  3. trancelike states
  4. physical or somatic symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, or weakness
  5. feelings of guilt or sadness

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Compared to the United States, the rates of schizophrenia in countries such as Colombia India, Denmark, Nigeria, and the former Soviet Union are_______.
  2.              lower
  3.              about the same
  4. higher
  5.              lower for women and higher for men

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       In our culture, models based on ______ have achieved prominence in explaining

abnormal behavior.

  1.              spiritual corruption                                             c.             medical disease
  2.              demonology                                                                          d.             anthropomorphism

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 1                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1.       Traditional native cultures attribute most mental illnesses          to ______.
  2.              supernatural causes                                            c.             immorality
  3.              poor child-rearing practices                                             d.             psychic abilities

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1.       In ______folk society, psychological problems are often attributed to the influence of

“spirits” or the possession of a “weak soul.”

  1.            Malaysian                                                                                                              c.             Nigerian
  2.            Kurdish                                                                                                                  d.             Filipino

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                     Page: 9

Topic: How Do We Define Abnormal Behavior?

Textbook LO:  1.4

Skill: Conceptual

 

  1.       Throughout much of history in Western societies, abnormal behavior was often taken as a

sign of ______.

  1.              psychic powers                                                    c.             spiritual enlightenment
  2.              biological  imbalances                                         d.             demonic possession

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       The process of cutting a hole in the skull to provide a pathway for demons to leave a

possessed person’s body is called _______.

  1.              exorcism                                                                c.             spiritual incision
  2.                  trephination                                                      d.             expurgating

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Archaeologists have unearthed human skeletons with holes in the skull.  It has been suggested that the holes were drilled into the skulls to _________.
  2.            release fluid associated with brain swelling
  3. relieve the individual of a headache
  4.            release “evil spirits” from the individual
  5. treat epilepsy

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                     Page: 9

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       Before Hippocrates, the ancient Greeks believed that abnormal behavior, or madness,

resulted from ______.

  1.              natural forces                                                       c.             punishment by the gods
  2.              demonic possession                                            d.             psychic powers

 

ANSWER: C

Diff: 2                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. In ancient Greece, people who behaved abnormally were often sent to temples dedicated to

______.

  1. Aphrodite                                                                                                              c.             Zeus
  2. Aesculapius                                                                                                           d.             Apollo

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       The ancient Greeks attempted to cure mental illness by ______.
  2.              sending people to temples where they were given rest, a nutritious diet, and exercise
  3.              trephining
  4.             performing exorcisms
  5. torturing them in order to force the evil spirits out of their bodies

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       The celebrated ancient Greek physician who argued that illnesses of the body and mind

resulted from natural causes rather than the wrath of the gods was ______.

  1.              Socrates                                                                 c.             Demosthenes
  2.              Hippocrates                                                          d.             Aristotle

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 1                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       The idea that the health of the body depends on a balance of four vital bodily fluids, or

humors, was first proposed by ______.

a              Galen                                                                                      c.             Socrates

  1.              Plato                                                                                                       d.             Hippocrates

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 2                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1.       According to Hippocrates, abnormal behavior results from ______.
  2.              biological imbalances                                                          c.             demonic possession
  3.              angering the gods                                                                d.             spiritual deprivation

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 1                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Factual

 

  1. Andy is a quick-tempered individual. According to Hippocrates, Andy would be described as having an excess of_____.
  2.              phlegm                                                                   c.             green bile
  3.              blood                                                                      d.             yellow bile

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1. Zorba is constantly depressed. According to Hippocrates’ theory, Zorba has an excess of

______.

  1.              phlegm                                                                   c.             green bile
  2.              blood                                                                      d.             black bile

 

ANSWER: D

Diff: 3                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1.       Theo is lethargic and sluggish, always acting like he is in “slow motion.”

According to Hippocrates’s theory, Theo has an excess of ______.

  1.              phlegm                                                                   c.             yellow bile
  2.              blood                                                                                      d.             black bile

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 3                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1.       George is cheerful, confident, and optimistic. According to Hippocrates’ theory, George

has an excess of ______.

  1.             phlegm                                                                   c.             yellow bile
  2.              blood                                                                      d.             black bile

 

ANSWER: B

Diff: 3                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior

Textbook LO:  1.5

Skill: Applied

 

  1.       A person who is cheerful, confident, and optimistic is said to be ______.
  2.              sanguine                                                                c.             phlegmatic
  3.              choleric                                                                 d.             melancholic

 

ANSWER: A

Diff: 2                                     Page: 10

Topic: Historical Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior