INSTANT DOWNLOAD WITH ANSWERS
Addiction Treatment 4th Edition by Katherine – Test Bank
- Make the case that Twelve Step approaches and harm reduction are not polar opposites or even mutually exclusive.
- Discuss three major benefits of a harm reduction philosophy for society.
- Discuss in depth the methodology used in Project MATCH and the treatment implications of the findings.
- Define interactionism and show how the addicted family member’s behavior affects the family system.
- According to Shavelson (2001), which three words define harm reduction?
*a. any positive change
- recovery from pain
- a controlled life
- I’m in recovery
- The DSM-5 has made the following change from the previous version of the DSM:
- The term dependence will now be used instead of addiction
- Abuse and dependence are now to be dichotomized
- Specific criteria for diagnosis will no longer be provided
*d. The term dependence will now be used only for physiological dependence
- According to the DSM-5 what term or terms replace(s) the word dependence?
- a personal choice
- a bad habit
- a brain disease
- Which of the following are NOT typical symptoms defined by the DSM-5 to diagnose substance use disorder:
- unsuccessful attempts to control or reduce consumption
*c. nervous facial tics
- withdrawal problems
- A behavior pattern of compulsive substance abuse is the definition of:
- contemporary perspective
- incompatible with the biopsychosocial model
*d. the concept of addiction
- According to the text, to understand the pain connected with addictive and compulsive behavior, one must:
- focus on harm reduction
*b. understand the pleasure side of the activity
- emphasize character weakness
- attend an AA meeting
- According to the text, alcoholism is described in this book as an illness because:
*a. the concept recognizes alcoholism as both a medical and social problem
- the use of disease as a term is victim blaming
- to avoid the notion of alcoholism as a brain disease
- to increase the popularity of the book
- As stated in the text, addiction is an illness of the:
- body only
- mind only
- soul only
*d. body, mind, and soul
- The third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer is
- illicit drug use
- head injuries
*d. alcohol misuse
- According to the text, the following behaviors can become addictive except for:
- drug/alcohol use
- A concept that is stressed in the text for its explanatory value is
- abuse versus misuse
- _______________ is the basic principle that cause and effect are intertwined.
- Medical model
- Interactionism is seen most vividly, according to the text, in
- use of robots
*b. family system dynamics
- creating art
- According to the text, approximately ____ of mental health clients have problems stemming from their own or their family members’ addiction problems:
- Approximately ______________ of U.S. prison inmates meet the DSM criteria for substance misuse
*d. 1.5 million
- Which of the following treatment modalities was not highly rated in empirical research for effectiveness?
- self-control and social skills training
*b. use of educational tapes, lectures, and films
- motivational enhancement strategies
- cognitive therapy
- According to the NIAAA (National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism), about how many previously diagnosable alcoholics matured out of their dependence?
- only a fraction
*c. one third
- According to Hester and Miller’s empirical research, the highest treatment effectiveness scores were obtained for
- harsh confrontational techniques
*b. motivational enhancement
- psychoanalytical treatment
- treatment that focused on the underlying cause of the drinking or drug use
- The following are trends in substance abuse treatment today except for
- chain smoking regarded as an addiction
- human rights seen as a practical philosophy
- counseling of clients in moderate drinking
*d. public opinion favoring more imprisonment of drug users
- The drug court movement promotes what action with individuals whose legal problems are related to their addiction?
*a. decarceration – treatment in the community
- incarceration – treatment in the prison system
- requirement to serve out the remainder of prison term, in case of relapse
- moving clients into “wet house”
- Human rights apartments for formerly homeless people in San Francisco
- are abstinence based.
*b. reduce costs to the cities by $1,000 per month.
- actually increase the hospitalization rates of residents
- have been shown to be cost-ineffective.
- Using a holistic basis for measurement, which of the following is considered a standard measurement for successful treatment outcomes?
- total abstinence as the only standard
- length of time of abstinence from all psychoactive substances
*c. improvement that might include moderate drug/alcohol use
- ability to secure stable housing
- Restorative justice
- advocates adversarial criminal justice practices.
*b. is the guiding philosophy of PEASE academy
- is an opposing philosophy to harm reduction.
- uses a hierarchical structure for decision making
- Reentry programs focus primarily on
*a. persons released from prison
- aftercare following treatment
- persons returning to prison after relapse
- addicted people who have insurance
- The DSM-5 uses the term addiction instead of dependence.
- This text examines diverse theoretical frameworks from a strengths perspective.
- The text recommends total abstinence as the best criterion by which to measure treatment success.
- Harm reduction is the approach known for its pragmatism.
- Project MATCH is criticized by researchers for its lack of a control group.
- Restorative justice has its roots in both ancient tribal and modern (Mennonite) practices.
- Discuss male/female differences in terms of the metabolization of alcohol and B.A.C. levels.
- Discuss the phenomenon of the blackout and the legal implications.
- Define and differentiate among tolerance, tolerance reversal and cross tolerance.
- Discuss Cloninger’s adoption studies and the characteristics of Type 1 and Type 2 alcoholics.
- Using scientific research findings, argue for a hereditary component in addiction.
- Which one of these is not a depressant?
- Heroin is a semi-synthetic derivative of
- The lachrymose drunk, according to Father Martin, is the __________ drunk.
- The highest level of alcohol use is found among:
- 19 year olds
*b. 21 year olds
- 40 year olds
- 65 year olds
- Abuse of which of these substances is the leading risk factor for death among youths?
- What percentage of patients treated at mental health centers have problems with alcohol and other drugs?
- 10 percent
- 20 percent
*c. 60 percent
- 90 percent
- Which countries of the following have the highest total per capita consumption in liters of pure alcohol?
- China and Japan
- the United States
- Germany and Austria
*d. Moldova and the Czech Republic
- According to research, the only drug that causes addiction in the majority of users is
- The phenomenon associated with aging in which the drinker loses his/her ability to handle alcohol is
*b. tolerance reversal
- Advice to prevent a hangover is to do all the following except:
- avoid darker drinks
- drink lots of liquids such as water
- reduce the quantity of alcohol
*d. don’t eat and drink at the same time
- The movie The Lost Weekend and Mark Twain’s Tom Sawyer were presented in the text to illustrate the phenomenon of
*a. the blackout
- binge drinking
- When a tolerance that develops for one drug generalizes to another drug in the same pharmaceutical class, this is called
- tolerance reversal
- behavioral tolerance
- Which of these is not an opiate?
- ___________ is used to block withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings and is distributed in clinics/hospitals in the US and Britain.
- Results from one NIAAA study found all except _______ to be effective in treatment for alcohol dependence.
- behavioral counseling
- medication management in cases of co-occurring disorders
- The inability to feel pleasure is known as
- “chasing the dragon”
- A drug used experimentally to treat trauma victims is
- This drug activates the very receptors in the brain involved in the increase of appetite:
- Of the following prescribed drugs, the one least likely to be associated with getting high is
- Ondansetron has been used effectively in treating
- hyperactivity disorder.
- sleep apnea.
- sleep disorders.
- Aversion treatment derives from the ______________ school.
*a. Classical conditioning/behaviorism
- Carl Rogers
- Naltrexone works by
*a. blocking brain activity that produces a high
- producing a synthetic high
- causing nausea
- Confabulation is associated with Korsakoff’s psychosis.
- Explain the Recovery Management model and why it is important in addressing issues that arise because race, ethnicity, culture, and class.
- Discuss why it is that although race is not a biological category, it continues to be widely used.
- Explain how social class affects the so-called attributes of ethnicity or culture.
- What does the story of Becky and Monique tell us about the path to addiction, the agent of addiction (drug used) and recovery options?
- Compare variations (for example immigration history) within various Asian American groups relevant to substance misuse.
- Which group has the highest poverty rate for families?
- Alaskan Natives
- Asian Americans
- African Americans
*d. Native Americans
- Even though Asian Americans in general have a higher educational status and higher income status than other minorities, it is misleading to describe them as a “model minority” because
- they have a higher rate of alcoholism and drug addiction
- their low treatment rate may be the result of the lack of culturally relevant services
*c. their addiction rates have consistently been under-reported in the prevalence studies
- they uniformly lack the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase
- Among current Native American adults who drink alcohol, the prevalence rate
*a. varies a great deal
- is the same as the general population
- is lower than the general population
- has never been measured
- Which factor is not considered a hallmark of effective treatment with Asians with substance abuse problems?
- screening with culturally sensitive instruments at community events
- culturally competent staff who speak the language of the client
*c. use of Narrative therapy as an intervention
- use of Motivational interviewing as an intervention
- Protective factors among young, low-income, Mexican American women include
- the breakdown of the family of origin and extended kinship networks
- the survival of poverty
- an attitude of fatalism
*d. the responsibility of providing family connection and care of the children
- Among Native Americans and Alaska Natives, which of the following is not a factor in varied drinking and drug use rates?
- People who identified themselves as “Asian American” include all groups except:
- Which factor does not account for the low rate of alcohol/drug misuse for the Asian/Pacific Islander group?
- national database surveys have ignored this group and consistently put Asian/Pacific Islanders in the category of “Other”
- the lack of culturally relevant services which reduces the treatment rate
- methodological weaknesses in the research that has resulted in an underestimation of the levels of substance misuse and dependency
*d. Asians are the “model minority” without many addiction problems
- The most recent median income figures (United States Census, 2015b) indicate that_________ households have the highest median income of any racial group, that is, $100,547.
*b. Indian Americans
- African American
- non-Hispanic white
- Compared to the average national poverty rate of 15.9%, the average poverty rate for American Indians and Alaskan Natives is
- As related by Raymond Slick, an American Indian, sobriety is the traditional way. His philosophy is called
*a. The Red Road
- ancestor worship
- tribal essence
- spiritual recovery
- The term “Hispanic” or “Latino” describes a population that includes the following subgroups except
- Mexican Americans
- Cuban Americans
- Central Americans
- Results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (SAMHSA, 2014a) indicate that among persons aged 12 or older, the rate of substance abuse was highest among
*a. American Indians and Alaska Natives
- African Americans
- The term “historical trauma” was originally used by
*a. Maria Yellow Horse Brave Heart.
- Ja and Aoki.
- van Wormer.
- Lee and Mock
- The use of traditional cultural and spiritual practices in Native American treatment
- is the only effective method of treatment with this population
*b. needs more systematic evaluation before we can assess the efficacy of this approach
- is not at all effective with this population
- The concept of culture
- is not difficult to define
*b. refers to learned values, behaviors, and beliefs that are shared by other group members
- does not impact our beliefs about the use of alcohol, drugs, and gambling
- is never a barrier to receiving professional help with addiction problems
- A skill that is not particularly helpful for counselors in developing culturally sensitive practice is:
- building rapport
- Gambling in the U.S. expanded rapidly since
- the Supreme Court ruling of 1975
*b. the passage of the 1988 Indian Gaming Regulatory Act
- the development of electronic Keno games
- the Great Lakes vs. Prescott case was decided
- The incidence of problem gambling is higher in
*a. people of low socioeconomic status
- whites than among racial and ethnic minorities
- rural rather than urban residents
- southern states than among northern states
- An intervention approach, if it is truly effective, will work well universally.
- “The myth of the ‘model minority’” is a term applied to Native Hawaiians.
- Data from school surveys indicate that drug use is higher among Asian youth than among other adolescent groups.
- The “immigrant paradox” is when foreign-born immigrant family members are found to have few problems than their U.S. born children who are moving toward acculturation.
- Most drug and alcohol treatment programs for Hispanic clients employ cultural responsiveness in their programming.