Sample Chapter

INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Test Bank Of Biology 9th Edition By Peter Raven, Johnson, Singer

 

 

 

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

Chapter 04 – Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

Chapter 04

Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Plasma ________ encloses the cell and separates its contents from the surroundings.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           membrane
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           vesicle
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           voltage
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cell

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A semi-fluid matrix called the _________ occupies the area between the nucleus and the

plasma membrane.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cytoplasm
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cell
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           organelle

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           All _____ contain a plasma membrane.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           animal cells
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plants cells
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nuclei
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cells

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

4-1

 

Chapter 04 – Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The cell theory states that all of the ________ on earth are individual cells or aggregates of

cells.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           organisms
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           organs
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cells
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plants

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The interior of eukaryotic cells contain numerous membrane-bound structures called

___________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nuclei
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           organelles
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membranes
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           vesicles

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A distinctive feature of eukaryotes is the organization of their chromosomal DNA which is

tightly packaged with proteins into a membrane-bound structure called a _______.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nucleolus
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cell
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nucleus
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.03

Topic: Cells

 

4-2

 

Chapter 04 – Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The delivery system of eukaryotic cells called the ______ can collect, package, modify,

and transport molecules.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitochondria
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           vesicle
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Golgi apparatus

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.04

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The _________ is not only responsible for the cell’s shape and movement, but it also

provides a scaffolding at certain locations of the cytoplasm for some enzymes and

macromolecules.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cytoskeleton
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nucleus
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           muscle

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.06

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ___________ is the generally accepted evolutionary process which created the organelles,

chloroplasts, and mitochondria.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Endosymbiosis
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Evolution
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Symbiosis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Punctuated equilibrium

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

4-3

 

Chapter 04 – Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Even though they were similarly created by endosymbiosis, ___________ are important

in respiration, while chloroplasts are involved in photosynthesis.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitochondria
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               vesicles
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nuclei
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           lungs

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.05

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Many eukaryotic cells possess flagella or cilia, which have the characteristic ______

arrangement of microtubules.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6 + 2
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2 + 10
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10 + 3
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           9 + 2

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 4.23

Section: 4.07

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Microfilaments such as actin, microtubules, and the intermediate filaments form the cell-

supporting structure called the ______________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cytoplasm
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cytoskeleton
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nucleus

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.06

Topic: Cells

 

4-4

 

Chapter 04 – Test Bank: Cell Structure

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Animal cells excrete glycoproteins outside of the plasma membrane to produce a(n)

________________ which is directly linked to the cytoskeleton.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           crust
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           extracellular matrix
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           plasma membrane
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cell wall

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Small cells function more effectively, because as cells become larger their surface area to

volume ratio

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           increases.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               decreases.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           stays the same.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           is squared.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           is cubed.

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Section: 4.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Membrane-bound organelles that contain powerful enzymes found in cells are known as
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         lysosomes.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         plastids.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vacuoles.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         liposomes.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ribosomes.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 4.04

Topic: Cells

 

 

Chapter 11 – Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

Chapter 11

Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P. J. van Beneden proposed that an egg and a sperm, each containing half the complement

of chromosomes found in somatic cells, fuse to produce a single cell called a(n) _______.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           zygote
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           karyotype
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           embryo
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           oocyte

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           _______ is a process of nuclear division in which the number of chromosomes in certain

cells is halved during gamete formation.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitosis
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Meiosis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Spermatogenesis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Glycolysis

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ______ cells such as gametes contain one set of chromosomes.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Muscle
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Somatic
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Diploid
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Haploid

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

11-1

 

Chapter 11 – Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Organisms that undertake sexual reproduction alternate between ______ and fertilization.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitosis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           meiosis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           spermatogenesis
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           growth

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The two homologous chromosomes pair along their length early in the first nuclear

division. During this physical joining genetic exchange occurs between them in a process

called _________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           fusion
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitosis
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           meiosis
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   recombination

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.02

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sexual reproduction and the close association between homologous chromosomes that

occurs during meiosis probably evolved as a mechanism to repair _________ damage.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chromosomal
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitotic
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cell
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           membrane

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.02

Topic: Cells

 

11-2

 

Chapter 11 – Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sexual reproduction is significant in increasing genetic ______.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           similarity
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           diversity
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           robustness
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           connections

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: General

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Unlike meiosis I, there is no doubling of ______ before the start of meiosis II.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           zygotes
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chiasma
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   DNA
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cells

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 11.08

Section: 11.04

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Evidence of crossing over can often be seen under the light microscope as a structure

known as a ________.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chromosome
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           centromere
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           chiasma
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           histone

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.02

Topic: Cells

 

11-3

 

Chapter 11 – Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The fusion of male gamete cells with female gamete cells is called
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           syngamy.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           meiosis.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mitosis.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           recombination.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               synapsis.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.03

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Diploid organisms use meiosis for the development of gametes. Meiosis consists of how

many rounds of nuclear division?

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         one
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         two
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         three
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         four
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         none of these

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Figure: 11.07

Section: 11.03

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The pairing of chromosomes along their lengths which is essential for crossing over is

referred to as

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         syngamy.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         synapsis.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         prophase.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         recombination.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         centromere.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.02

Topic: Cells

 

11-4

 

Chapter 11 – Test Bank: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The cell produced by the fusion of an egg and a sperm is the
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         gamete.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         haploid.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         zygote.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         germ line cell.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         somatic cell.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The zygote has
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             one copy of each chromosome.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         one full haploid complement of chromosomes.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         chromosomes identical to those of a sperm cell.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         chromosomes identical to those of an egg cell.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         two copies of each chromosome.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The reduction division that separates two haploid complements from each other is called
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         mitosis.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         meiosis.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         syngamy.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         haploid division.
  6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         binary fission.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 11.01

Topic: Cells

 

 

Chapter 23 – Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

Chapter 23

Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The biological specialty that deals with the grouping and naming of organisms is called

taxonomy or __________.

classification

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The biological specialty that deals with the study of evolutionary relationships is called

__________.

systematics

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.01

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The behavior of parental care exhibited by dinosaurs is thought to be __________ to this

behavior in crocodiles and birds because phylogeny shows these three groups share a common

ancestor.

homologous

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.04

Topic: Evolution

 

23-1

 

Chapter 23 – Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Saber teeth found in different groups of extinct carnivorous mammals are considered

___________ structures as the fossil record shows saber teeth evolved independently among

the groups.

homoplastic

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.04

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Systematists often use DNA sequencing in ______________ , the study of the order of

evolutionary events within a group sharing derived characters.

cladistics

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Section: 23.02

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A ______________ group consists of the most recent common ancestor and all of its

descendants.

monophyletic

 

Bloom’s Level: Apply

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A ______________ group consists of the most recent common ancestor and some of its

descendants.

paraphyletic

 

Bloom’s Level: Apply

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

23-2

 

Chapter 23 – Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A ______________ group does not contain the most recent common ancestor.

polyphyletic

 

Bloom’s Level: Apply

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The principle of ______________ favors the hypothesis that requires the fewest

assumptions.

parsimony

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.02

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A derived character that is shared by all members of a clade is called a ______________

of that clade.

synapomorphy

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.02

Topic: Evolution

 

Multiple Choice Questions

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Characteristics between the branch points of a cladogram that are shared by all organisms

above the branch point and are not present in any below it are called

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         homologous characters.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         homoplastic characters.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ancestral characters.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         derived characters.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         novel characters.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

23-3

 

Chapter 23 – Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Characteristics that have arisen in organisms as a result of common evolutionary descent

are said to be ______________ characteristics.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         homologous
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         homoplastic
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 adaptive
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         derived
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ancestral

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         One day after a biology class four of your friends argue about the difference between

phylogeny and systematics. Which friend is right?

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Friend A states that systematics and phylogenies are really the same, one is more recent

than the other, but basically they are the same.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Friend B says that systematics is the same as cladistics and cladistics is reconstructing

clades, which ultimately lead to the development of phylogenies.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Friend C argues that systematics is the actual collecting and cataloguing of specimens into

museums that can be used later by scientists to construct clades and phylogenies.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Friend D says that the way she remembers is that systematics is the reconstruction and

study of phylogenies.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.03

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The evolutionary sequence in the development of a complex character can be best

analyzed through

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         homoplasies.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         phylogenetics.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         taxonomy.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         classification.
  5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             synapomorphies.

 

Bloom’s Level: Remember

Section: 23.02

Topic: Evolution

 

23-4

 

Chapter 23 – Test Bank: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A phylogenetically based taxonomy is important not only in creating a logical way to

name organisms, but also in learning about ________ of organisms using information in

related species.

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         physiology
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         behavior
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         development
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         physiology, behavior, and development

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Section: 23.04

Topic: Evolution

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Which of the following statements is accurate about the chart of morphological data? The

“1” in the box means the trait is present and the “0” indicates that the trait is absent.

 

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         All organisms in this chart share all of the derived characteristics.
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Only the gorilla and humans share all of the derived characteristics.
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The lamprey is the only outgroup since it shares none of the derived characteristics.
  4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The salamander and the tiger are outgroups because they only share two of the derived

characteristics (jaws and lungs).

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The shark is an outgroup since it only has one of the derived characteristics (jaws).

 

Bloom’s Level: Understand

Section: 23.02

Topic: Evolution

 

23-5

11-5

4-5