Sample Chapter

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 Calculate with Confidence 6th Edition by Deborah C. Gray Morris – Test Bank

 

 

Chapter 03: Decimals

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. Change the following to a decimal. Carry division three places as indicated. Do not round off.

1/64 = _____

 

ANS:  0.015

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following to a decimal. Carry division three places as indicated. Do not round off.

5/18 = _____

 

ANS:  0.277

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following decimal to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms if indicated.

7.025 = _____

 

ANS:  7 1/40

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following decimal to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms if indicated.

0.0001 = _____

 

ANS:  1/10,000

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Identify the decimal with the largest value in the following set.

0.6, 0.128 = _____

 

ANS:  0.6

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Identify the decimal with the largest value in the following set.

0.7, 0.67, 0.86: _____

 

ANS:  0.86

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest tenth.

3.539 = _____

 

ANS:  3.5

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest thousandth.

0.6253 = _____

 

ANS:  0.625

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

64.1 – 0.009 = _____

 

ANS:  64.091

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

0.123 + 0.4 = _____

 

ANS:  0.523

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

0.46 ´ 0.17 = ______

 

ANS:  0.0782

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Divide the following decimal. Express answer to nearest hundredth.

0.1 ¸ 0.375 = _____

 

ANS:  0.27

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following to a decimal.

1.25% = _____

 

ANS:  0.0125

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Indicate the largest number in the following set.

0.75, 0.749: _____

 

ANS:  0.75

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Indicate the largest number in the following set.

0.001, 1.25, 1.09: _____

 

ANS:  1.25

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

0.98 + 0.76 = _____

 

ANS:  1.74

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

9.123 – 6.055 = _____

 

ANS:  3.068

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

60 ¸ 0.012 = _____

 

ANS:  5,000

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Perform the indicated operation with decimals.

66.66 ´ 3.33 = _____

 

ANS:  221.9778

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following decimal to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms if indicated.

0.010 = _____

 

ANS:  1/100

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Change the following decimal to a fraction. Reduce to lowest terms if indicated.

0.006 = _____

 

ANS:  3/500

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest tenth.

0.52 = _____

 

ANS:  0.5

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest hundredth.

2.457 = _____

 

ANS:  2.46

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest tenth.

28.66 = _____

 

ANS:  28.7

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest tenth.

1.45 = _____

 

ANS:  1.5

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. Round off the following decimal to the nearest thousandth.

0.3333 = _____

 

ANS:  0.333

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client weighed 75.4 kilograms (kg) in February. In March the client gained  1.6 kg. In April the client gained 2.2 kg. How much did the client weigh in  April? ______

 

ANS:  79.2 kg

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client weighed 165.4 pounds (lb) before getting ill. After a lengthy recovery  the client weighed 148.6 lb. How much weight did the client lose? _____

 

ANS:  16.8 lb

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A medication vial holds 7 milliliters (mL) of medication. If 1.4 mL are withdrawn from the vial, how much medication is left in the vial? ____

 

ANS:  5.6 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client is brought into the emergency department with a body temperature of  95.2° F. If the normal body temperature is 98.6° F, how far below normal  was the client’s temperature? _____

 

ANS:  3.4° F

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client received 25.2 milligrams (mg) of medication in tablet form.  Each  tablet contained 4.2 mg of medication. How many tablets (tabs) were given to  the client? ____

 

ANS:  6 tabs

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. A client received 0.375 mg of a medication for two  days,  0.125 mg for three  days, and 0.0625 mg for four  days. What is the  total amount of medication taken? ______

 

ANS:  1.375 mg

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. The health care provider ordered 1.5 tablets of a medication to be given to a  client four  times a day for 21 days. How many tablets were prescribed? ______

 

ANS:  126 tablets

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. One dose of vaccine is 1.25 mL. How much vaccine is needed to    vaccinate 55 clients in a clinic? (Round answer to the nearest tenth.) _____

 

ANS:  68.8 mL

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

 

  1. The health care provider has ordered a 2,200 calorie (cal) diet for a client.  If the calories are spread evenly among three meals, how many calories  will the client be allowed to have at each meal? (Round answer to the nearest  whole calorie.)  ______

 

ANS:  733 cal

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  Practice Problems

Chapter 11: Understanding and Interpreting Medication Orders

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. The use of a computer to order medications:
a. increases client confidentiality.
b. lessens the work of checking orders.
c. helps to identify errors in writing orders.
d. decreases the problems associated with illegible handwriting.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. “Administer Colace 100 mg by mouth three times a day.” Which of the following correctly indicates the order?
a. Colace 100 mg p.o. t.i.d. c. Colace mg 100.0 p.o. q.i.d.
b. Colace 100 mg p.o. b.i.d. d. Colace MG 100 p.o. t.i.d.

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. Directions: Give the abbreviation for the following.

Twice a day: _____

 

ANS:  b.i.d.

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Give the abbreviation for the following.

Every hour: _____

 

ANS:  qh

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Give the abbreviation for the following.

Every four hours: _____

 

ANS:  q4h

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Give the abbreviation for the following.

Immediately: _____

 

ANS:  stat

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number. To ensure accuracy and prevent misinterpretation, place a _____ before the decimal point.

 

ANS:  Leading zero

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Complete the following sentence with the correct word or number. A medication order is written without a frequency. The nurse should ______________________________.

 

ANS:  Call the prescriber for clarification.

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Verbal orders should be accepted only in _______________.

 

ANS:  Emergency situations

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. CPOE is an abbreviation for _______________.

 

ANS:  Computerized physician order entry

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: For the following medication order indicate what component of the order is missing.

 

Demerol 75 mg IM prn.

 

ANS:  Frequency

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: For the following medication order indicate what component of the order is missing.

 

Solu-Medrol 50 mg.

 

ANS:  Route, frequency

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: For the following medication order indicate what component of the order is missing.

 

Trental 400 mg po.

 

ANS:  Frequency

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Timoptic 0.5% 1 gtt OS bid

 

ANS:  Timoptic 0.5% 1 gtt in the left eye twice daily

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Ambien 5 mg po hs prn

 

ANS:  Ambien 5 mg po at bedtime prn; or Ambien 5 mg po hours of sleep prn

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Robitussin 15 cc po q6h prn

 

ANS:  Robitussin 15 mL po q6h prn

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Lasix 40.0 mg po qd

 

ANS:  Lasix 40 mg po daily; OR Lasix 40 mg po every day

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Doxycycline 100 mg po bid pc

 

ANS:

Doxycycline 100 milligrams by mouth two times a day after meals; OR

Doxycycline 100 milligrams orally two times a day after meals

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Motrin 400 mg po q6h prn for back pain

 

ANS:

Motrin 400 milligrams by mouth every 6 hours when necessary for back

pain; OR Motrin 400 milligrams orally every 6 hours when required for

back pain.

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Directions: Correct the following medication order using the ISMP list of  Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations.

Heparin 5,000 units subcut daily

 

ANS:  Heparin 5,000 units by subcutaneous injection daily

 

PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. A p.r.n. order must indicate the minimum time between dosages such as q4h.

_____

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. The nurse is responsible for determining the times for a medication ordered t.i.d. at an institution.

_____

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. Trailing zeros are necessary to avoid misinterpretation of a value.

______

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. The abbreviation OD should not be used to indicate right eye in a medication order.

_______

 

ANS:  T                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General

 

  1. To indicate a medication is to be administered every day, the recommended abbreviation is qd.

 

ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    MSC:  General