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 Essentials of Anatomy And Physiology 7th Edition by Martini Bartholomew – Test Bank 





Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, 7e (Martini/Bartholomew)

Chapter 1   An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology


1.1   Multiple-Choice Questions


1) Characteristics of living organisms include the ability to

  1. A) repair and completely restore itself during any type of injury.
  2. B) respond and adapt to their environment.
  3. C) control the external environment.
  4. D) form positive feedback loops.
  5. E) create a protective covering over themselves.





2) The waste products of metabolism are eliminated through the process of

  1. A) assimilation.
  2. B) absorption.
  3. C) excretion.
  4. D) digestion.
  5. E) resorption.





3) Humans have specialized organ systems compared to smaller organisms because

  1. A) we have to interact with our environment and smaller organisms do not.
  2. B) smaller organisms do not need as many nutrients.
  3. C) our cells are larger.
  4. D) small organisms do not do the same processes than humans do.
  5. E) there is multicellularity and increased size in larger organisms.





4) Think about the definitions of anatomy and of physiology. The relationship between these two fields is best described by the following statement:

  1. A) Anatomy is the study of function.
  2. B) All structures are derived from an ancestral structure.
  3. C) Physiology becomes more complex over time.
  4. D) Structure follows function.
  5. E) Organs that have similar function also have similar structure.





5) Diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease would be covered in the specialty area of physiology called

  1. A) hyperbaric physiology.
  2. B) pathophysiology.
  3. C) gross anatomy.
  4. D) regional anatomy.
  5. E) systemic anatomy.





6) Studying all the superficial and internal features in one specific area of the body is called

  1. A) gross anatomy.
  2. B) surface anatomy.
  3. C) systemic anatomy.
  4. D) regional anatomy.
  5. E) surgical anatomy.





7) One difference between a gross anatomist and a histologist would be

  1. A) the use of a microscope.
  2. B) the need to use sophisticated diagnostic imaging methods.
  3. C) one studies physiology and the other studies anatomy.
  4. D) which organ systems one studies.
  5. E) which diseases are seen.





8) The study of cells and cellular structures is called

  1. A) gross anatomy.
  2. B) cytology.
  3. C) histology.
  4. D) organology.
  5. E) microbiology.






9) Biopsy samples from organs are sent to your lab for staining and then viewing in a microscope. Your area of expertise would be

  1. A) regional physiology.
  2. B) gross anatomy.
  3. C) regional anatomy.
  4. D) systemic anatomy.
  5. E) histology.




10) The study of body structure is called

  1. A) physiology.
  2. B) homeostasis.
  3. C) anatomy.
  4. D) positive feedback.
  5. E) negative feedback.





11) The branch of biological science that deals with how the kidney functions is called

  1. A) endocrine physiology.
  2. B) histology.
  3. C) adrenal anatomy.
  4. D) cytology.
  5. E) renal physiology.





12) Which division of anatomy focuses on the form and structure of the heart, blood, and blood vessels?

  1. A) regional anatomy
  2. B) surface anatomy
  3. C) cytology
  4. D) histology
  5. E) systemic anatomy






13) Which statement about anatomy and physiology is true?

  1. A) Physiology is the study of structure.
  2. B) Anatomy is the study of structure and function.
  3. C) Both anatomy and physiology are needed to understand organ systems and organisms.
  4. D) There is only one area of anatomy, whereas there are many subdivisions of physiology.
  5. E) Special physiology focuses on a particular organ system.





14) A cardiologist studies the human body mainly with an approach resembling

  1. A) gross anatomy.
  2. B) surface anatomy.
  3. C) microscopic anatomy.
  4. D) systemic anatomy.
  5. E) regional anatomy.




15) Which of the following is an organ?

  1. A) blood
  2. B) heart
  3. C) peritoneum
  4. D) connective tissue
  5. E) mitochondrion





16) A collection of cells that work together designates a(n)

  1. A) chemical.
  2. B) organ.
  3. C) tissue.
  4. D) organ system.
  5. E) molecule.






17) Which of the following is the simplest level of organization?

  1. A) cellular
  2. B) chemical
  3. C) organ
  4. D) system
  5. E) tissue





18) The heart, blood, and blood vessels combine to form which of the following?

  1. A) a group of cells
  2. B) an organ system
  3. C) the smallest level of organization
  4. D) an organ
  5. E) an individual living entity





19) Which statement is true?

  1. A) An organ will likely be composed of different tissues.
  2. B) Organs are composed of organ systems.
  3. C) Many molecules come together to form atoms.
  4. D) All organs in an organ system have the same function.
  5. E) The smallest living unit in the body is an atom.




20) Which of the following is an accurate description of the cellular level of organization?

  1. A) Cells consist of two or more different tissues working together to perform specific functions.
  2. B) Cells are considered to be the largest living units in the body.
  3. C) Cells are comprised of different molecules that interact to form larger structures, each type of which has a specific function.
  4. D) Cells combine to form molecules with complex shapes, which determine their function(s).
  5. E) Cardiac muscle is an example of the cellular level of organization.






21) The fact that a single defective protein causes cystic fibrosis, a multisystemic illness, proves that

  1. A) all organisms are composed of cells.
  2. B) all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.
  3. C) chemical molecules make up cells.
  4. D) all cells are independent of each other.
  5. E) congenital defects can be life threatening.





22) The production of another human organism is the function of which of the following systems?

  1. A) skeletal
  2. B) reproductive
  3. C) respiratory
  4. D) lymphoid
  5. E) cardiovascular





23) How are the endocrine organ system and nervous organ system alike?

  1. A) They both send nerve impulses.
  2. B) Each of the systems regulates different activities.
  3. C) Together, they both regulate most of the activities of the body.
  4. D) They both have many disorders associated with them.
  5. E) One system is more involved with young life, whereas the other becomes more important later in life.




24) The trachea and lungs are components of the

  1. A) endocrine system.
  2. B) digestive system.
  3. C) respiratory system.
  4. D) urinary system.
  5. E) lymphoid system.






25) The pituitary and thyroid glands are components of the

  1. A) endocrine system.
  2. B) cardiovascular system.
  3. C) respiratory system.
  4. D) lymphoid system.
  5. E) digestive system.