Sample Chapter

INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS

 

Test Bank For Globalization- Prospects and Problems 1st Edition by JoAnn A. Chirico

 

 

 

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

 

Multiple Choice

  1. A community is
  2. people who live in the same town
  3. people who share a common identity
  4. a region smaller than a state
  5. a town or township

A

 

  1. The beginnings of the nation state system of global governance arose from
  2. The Treaty Of Westphalia
  3. English Common law
  4. The fall of the Roman Empire
  5. World War I

A

 

  1. The 17th and 18th Century ideas concerning “natural rights” came from the philosopher
  2. Patrick henry
  3. Aristotle
  4. John Locke
  5. Benjamin Franklin

C

 

  1. Nationalism as a component of global culture is the belief that
  2. The nation is a group of people with a common identity
  3. your nation is superior to others regardless of other factors
  4. Cultural purity is a national right
  5. Immigration should be resisted

A

 

  1. One of the earliest and most extensive trading routes was
  2. The Silk Road
  3. The Northwest Passage
  4. The Panama Canal
  5. The Suez Canal

A

 

  1. Sovereignty as a component of global culture is the belief that
  2. Nations have the right to self-rule
  3. your nation is superior to others
  4. Cultural purity is a national right
  5. Immigration should be resisted

A

 

  1. Colonization is a system of ____
  2. Political and economic domination
  3. Aiding less developed countries
  4. Development and advancement
  5. Providing the rights of statehood

A

 

  1. The most recent phase of nation building followed
  2. World War I
  3. The dissolution of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia
  4. The end of colonialism
  5. The French and American revolutions

B

 

  1. During the Cold War, many former colonial countries were held together by
  2. Military rule and foreign support
  3. Shared national identity
  4. Values such as freedom and democracy
  5. Sense of loyalty and belonging to the country

A

 

  1. The UN Declaration of Human Rights advanced political globalization by
  2. Articulating norms for national constitutions
  3. Establishing a single world government
  4. Ending WWII
  5. Ending colonization

A

 

  1. The colonial powers acquired colonies in African and Asia by
  2. Treaties with the native groups that occupied the territories that they wanted
  3. Drawing boundaries around a territory and claiming it
  4. Fighting other colonial powers for it
  5. Moving the native peoples out of their lands

B

 

  1. Becoming a “state” on the global stage, with all the rights and responsibilities thereof depends on
  2. recognition by other states
  3. seizing control of the government
  4. declaring independence
  5. establishing a democracy

A

 

  1. Countries that had access to which source of trade fared better when it came to economic growth before the Industrial Revolution?
  2. Atlantic
  3. Pacific
  4. Mediterranean
  5. Indian

A

 

  1. Before the industrial revolution, countries that achieved the greatest prosperity had a monarch who
  2. Kept tight control over overseas trade
  3. Exercised less control over overseas trade
  4. Did not allow overseas trade
  5. Focused on production for domestic markets

B

 

  1. Commercialism allowed merchants to accumulate wealth through
  2. Agriculture
  3. Production
  4. Consumption

B

 

  1. As merchant wealth increased, wealth associated with ____ decreased.
  2. Trade
  3. Land
  4. resources
  5. gold

B

 

  1. The first opportunity for societies to accumulate vast wealth, creating significant global inequality came with
  2. Mercantile capitalism
  3. Agricultural holdings
  4. The industrial revolution
  5. The computer revolution

C

 

  1. After World War II, former colonies were able to
    1. Prosper because of alliances formed in the Cold War
    2. Take advantage of the second wave of economic opportunity
    3. Establish stable governments
    4. Develop a wealthy elite class

D

 

  1. Among the characteristics of a state _____
  2. The exclusive right to use violence within its borders
  3. A guarantee of human rights for citizens and non-citizens
  4. A democratically elected ruler with a specific term of office
  5. The right to impose a religion on people within its borders

A

 

  1. Among the characteristics of a state that is now being challenged by globalization is ___
  2. Sovereignty in all matters
  3. The right to enter into agreements on behalf of its people
  4. A democratically elected ruler with a specific term of office
  5. An independent judiciary

A

 

  1. Colonies of North and South America were different than those of Africa and Asia because
  2. They were richer to begin with
  3. They forced the native populations off of the land
  4. They had many more natural resources
  5. They were primarily settler colonies

D

 

  1. Colonialism established systems of
  2. Education for natives of the colonies
  3. Extreme political and economic inequality
  4. Government such as legislative and judiciaries
  5. Constitutional governments

B

 

  1. Colonial powers were able to maintain dominance in the colonies of Africa and Asia by
  2. heavily arming and enriching a small elite group of native peoples
  3. winning the trust of native peoples
  4. allowing most people in the colonies to prosper
  5. helping them to extract resources

A

 

  1. The “Cold War” was called “cold” because
    1. It was only fought in colder climates
    2. There was no direct warfare between the USSR and USA
    3. There were very few “hot” spots where war actually broke out
    4. Few lives were lost

B

 

  1. The UN Declaration of Human Rights or the Bill of Rights of the US Constitution
    1. Define the rights of governments
    2. Lay out the structures of government
    3. Limit the roles of citizens
    4. Limit the powers of government

D

 

  1. Among the most common rights found in constitutions are
    1. Popular right to elect the president or supreme ruler of the country
    2. Rights to social benefits such as education and health care
    3. Rights of speech, assembly, and belief
    4. Rights to work and join unions

C

 

  1. After WWII, allied leaders recognized that
    1. Global political stability depended on global economic stability
    2. Avoiding further world warfare depended on the USA and USSR getting along
    3. Colonialism had to end immediately
    4. The world needed to be unified under one world government, the UN

A

 

  1. During the Cold War, the United States
    1. Only supported democratically elected governments
    2. Would support any government that treated its citizens fairly
    3. Worked to restore and support human rights globally
    4. Supported many cruel dictators that allied with them

D

True False

  1. When setting up colonial borders, colonial powers were careful to create borders that corresponded with ethnic group boundaries.
  2. true
  3. false

B

 

  1. After independence, the Cold War was able to correct the harms done by colonialism
  1. True
  2. False

B

 

  1. Nation-states have always existed as the predominant form of government.
  2. True
  3. False

B

 

  1. The League of Nations was a very successful step in global governance.
  2. True
  3. False

B

 

  1. UN Declarations have the binding force of law.
  2. True
  3. False

B

 

  1. All countries agree and accept terms of the Law of the Seas, preventing any disputes.
  2. True
  3. False

B

 

  1. Disputes over ownership of the resources off the shores of countries led to the Law of the Seas.
  2. True
  3. False

A

 

  1. Augusto Cesar Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary hero of the 1960s
  2. True
  3. False

B

 

  1. During the height of the Silk Road era Eastern societies were more technologically advanced that Western.
  2. True
  3. False

A

 

  1. Much of South America and the south of North America developed similar systems of inequality based on large plantations.
  2. True
  3. False

A

Essay

  1. Explain the principles were established by the Treaty of Westphalia that apply to the system of nation states today.

 

  1. How did colonialism lay a foundation for political and economic globalization?

 

  1. How did the Cold War impact political and economic globalization?

 

  1. Explain how nation building is a form of political globalization.

 

  1. What were the reasons for the ultimate failure of the League of Nations?

 

  1. How did the Cold War shape the global political system?

Multiple Choice

  1. Despite predictions to the opposite
    1. Religion is not an important force in the world today
    2. Few people believe in God
    3. There is no religious revival in China
    4. Religion remains an important motivating force in the world today

D

 

  1. The scientific world view challenged religion
    1. By shedding doubt on creation stories of religions
    2. By putting a secular authority higher than God
    3. Introducing atheism into the world
    4. Solving social problems that religion could not

A

 

  1. Secularization poses a challenge to religion and religious identities by
    1. Each realm of life having its own norms and logic, squeezing religion out of public life
    2. Solving serious problems that religion could not solve
    3. Creating firm guidelines for life issues that tell people exactly what is right and wrong
    4. Proving that all religions are equal

A

 

  1. Some theologians embraced science as
    1. A substitute social for religious beliefs
    2. A way to come closer to understanding God
    3. A replacement for superstition
    4. A vehicle for reforming religious authority

A

 

  1. Ecumenical trends in religion
    1. Embrace all religions as valuable
    2. Reject religious pluralism
    3. Are ethnocentric
    4. Have had the primary effect of increasing religious conflict in modern societies

A

 

  1. During the take-off phase of globalization from 1870 – 1920 one of the challenges to established religions was
    1. Religious persecution
    2. Social problems brought by industrialization and modernization
    3. Religious authorities claiming secular authority
    4. Separation of church and state

B

 

  1. Within the world religions, the response of liberal factions to the globalization of scientific knowledge was to
    1. Reject science
    2. Reject religious beliefs
    3. Establish totally new religious traditions
    4. Reconcile scientific with religious knowledge and belief

D

 

  1. During the take-off phase of globalization, 1870 – 1920, social conditions in the Islamic world
    1. Remained more developed than in Western Europe
    2. Depended on maintaining dominance over Europe
    3. Has demanded the separation of church and state
    4. Had deteriorated and were worse than in Europe

D

 

  1. Islamic modernist reformers in the take-off phase of globalization, 1870 – 1920,
    1. Condemned Islam’s turn away from reason and science
    2. Wanted to divide Islamic groups from different nations
    3. Tried to reinforce the authority of the Islamic establishment
    4. Wanted to restore the Ottoman Empire

A

 

  1. In Turkey, in 1923, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established
    1. An Islamic theocracy
    2. A state modeled after the constitutions of Western Europe
    3. An authoritarian regime
    4. A caliphate

B

 

  1. Al-Afghani, a leading Modernist reformers of Islam in the early 20th Century, tried to
    1. Unite all of the forms and sects of Islam
    2. Create divides among Sunni, Shia, and other Islamic sects
    3. Believed that national identity reigned over religious identity
    4. Combine Islamic and Protestant theology

A

 

  1. In the First Vatican Council, the Catholic Church responded to Darwin’s The Origin of the Species by
    1. Rejecting it as blasphemy
    2. Accepting it and modernizing catholic doctrine
    3. Not taking a definitive stance toward it
    4. Ignoring it

C

 

  1. The Catholic hierarchy believed the most pressing challenge to religion in the take-off phase of globalization, 1870 – 1920, was
    1. Science
    2. Islamic reform
    3. Protestant sectarianism
    4. Remaining relevant in modern life

D

 

  1. Progressive and radical versions of Catholic social action in the take-off phase of globalization saw the source of social problems in
    1. How capitalism impoverished many people
    2. Individuals’ loss of piety
    3. Social welfare programs making people lazy
    4. Catholic doctrine

A

 

  1. The conservative wing of the Catholic reformers in the late 1800 – early 1900s located the source of Catholics’ social problems in
    1. Prejudice and discrimination
    2. Immigration of too many poor Catholics
    3. Their absorption in materialism and greed
    4. Lack of attendance at religious services

C

 

  1. Late 1800 – early 1900s orthodox reform movements in Judaism emphasized
    1. Speaking and writing in Hebrew
    2. Biblical truth and a personal Messiah
    3. That a Jewish state had to be created by God not international politics
    4. All of the above

D

  1. Reform movements of the late 1800s to early 1900s in Judaism reconciled science and religion
    1. By rejecting many supernatural beliefs and emphasizing an ethical approach to life
    2. Combining evolution with creation stories of the Bible
    3. Rejecting any role for science and reason in religion
    4. Focusing on the right to return to Palestine

A

 

  1. The Pittsburgh Platform of 1885 proclaimed that
    1. Rabbinical law had to be favored over natural law
    2. Mosaic and rabbinical law obstruct piety
    3. Moral laws should be based on the Old Testament
    4. Establishing a religious state must be a priority

C

 

  1. Mainstream Protestant clergy  responded to the challenge of science by
    1. Reinforcing the creation story as it appears in the Bible
    2. Steadfast belief in the earth and all creatures on it being established in seven days
    3. Seeing science as a key to nature and understanding God
    4. Breaking away from the major denominations

C

 

  1. The common element among the fundamentalist reformers of the world religions is
    1. An adamant to return to orthodox and literal religious interpretations of their holy books and doctrines
    2. A rejection of supernatural interpretations of scripture
    3. A complete separation of church and state
    4. A rejection of ecumenical movements

A

 

  1. Political Islam arose in the take-off phase of globalization as a reaction against and rejection of
    1. The Ottoman empire and imposition of Islam
    2. Dictatorial rule by local elites and Western government structures
    3. Islamic states and caliphates
    4. Superstitions of religious beliefs

B

 

  1. Islam was not introduced to North Africa until
    1. The 20th Century
    2. The 18th Century
    3. The 10th Century
    4. The 7th Century

C

 

  1. Christianity was introduced in Africa
    1. During the colonial conquest in the late 1800s
    2. As a response to the introduction of Islam
    3. As Africans rejected indigenous religions in the 20th Century
    4. In the 1st Century by pilgrims to Egypt

D

 

  1. In the 2005 – 2008 World Values Survey international poll, most people polled identified themselves as
    1. A religious person
    2. Not a religious person
    3. An convinced atheist
    4. An agnostic

A

 

  1. The impact of modernity on religion is greatest in
    1. The decline of participation in mainstream religious organizations
    2. People not feeling religious or spiritual
    3. Religion not being very important to most people globally
    4. Triumph of scientific over religious worldviews globally

A

 

  1. In Europe, when asked if they believe in God, people responses indicated
    1. The majority do not
    2. Half do and half do not
    3. The majority do
    4. Almost all (90% or above)do

C

 

  1. In Europe and the United States, religious membership and participation
    1. Is settled from birth and how you were raised
    2. Is so low as to be insignificant
    3. Is a consumer choice as people try to find one that fits them best
    4. Has been irreparably harmed by modern life

C

  1. Liberation Theology arose in Latin America as an attempt to liberate people from
    1. the influence of the devil and evil generally
    2. oppression of capitalism and authoritarian governments
    3. influence of science on religious belief
    4. fundamentalist doctrine and orthodoxy

B

 

  1. Liberation theologians believed that in a capitalist system
    1. Religion blinded people to the realities of power
    2. the godlessness of Marxism could lead people to religion
    3. religion could raise consciousness and motivate people
    4. religion was false consciousness

C

 

  1. In the contemporary world mainline Protestant denominations
    1. Have grown increasingly strong
    2. Have lost members to evangelical sects
    3. Have returned to literal Biblical reading of the Bible
    4. Have rejected female clergy

B

 

  1. With the bureaucratization and rationalization of religious organizations, many people began to look for
    1. A personal connection to God
    2. More accepting and tolerant religious points of view
    3. More meaningful services
    4. All of the above

D

 

 

  1. Many liberal protestant denominations lost members who disagreed with
    1. Their acceptance of homosexuality and women clergy
    2. Their strict adherence to Biblical literacy
    3. The emphasis on lively, contemporary services
    4. All of the above

A

 

 

  1. Conservative Catholics tend to
    1. Remain distant from political activity
    2. Lobby and protest against abortion and capital punishment
    3. Find meaning through incorporation of new religious movements into Catholicism
    4. Accept Marxist interpretations of Catholicism

B

 

  1. Reconstructionist Judaism
    1. Includes girls and women, gay and lesbian Jews
    2. Emphasizes Mosaic law
    3. Insists that prayer books be written by rabbis
    4. Emphasizes the supernatural aspects of religion

A

 

  1. Protestant Fundamentalists
    1. View creationism as science
    2. Do not engage in politics or lobby for political change
    3. Reject the Old Testament
    4. Accept homosexuality but not abortion

A

 

  1. Islamic fundamentalism
    1. Abides by literal and harsh interpretations of Islamic law
    2. Gained power in Iran after the revolution in 1979
    3. Want to establish theocracies throughout the world
    4. All of the above

D

 

  1. Many new religious movements in Western Europe and the United States
    1. Are heavily influenced by Eastern philosophy and religion
    2. Are very intolerant of others’ beliefs
    3. Brainwash their adherents as a way of gaining members
    4. Deny the importance of religious freedom

A

 

  1. Religious freedom
    1. Is not a common right in constitutions of the world
    2. Is a global cultural norm, even when not practiced
    3. Is rarely violated in the 21st century
    4. Benefits from very rigorous international enforcement

B

 

  1. The revival of Vodun
    1. Is limited to Africa and the Caribbean
    2. Has attracted adherents from around the world
    3. Is rejected by all African governments
    4. Is simply a superstition being revived

B

 

  1. Protestant evangelicalism is growing religious faction that
    1. Emphasizes the personal and direct experience of God
    2. Believes in gifts from the “holy spirit” such as speaking in tongues
    3. Is rapidly growing in Latin America and Africa
    4. All of the above

A

True false

  1. Factions within a single religion tended to respond to challenges to religion in similar ways.
    1. True
    2. False

A

 

  1. When the Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt, its central tenet was a rejection of science and modernization.
    1. True
    2. False

A

 

  1. Religion in Africa has been greatly influenced and spread by invasion and conquest.
    1. True
    2. False

A

 

  1. Indigenous religions in Africa were obliterated by Christianity and Islam.
    1. True
    2. False

B

 

  1. No liberal factions of Islam emerged during the contemporary period or religious revitalization.
    1. True
    2. False

B

 

  1. Vodun is commonly known in the United States as voodoo
    1. True
    2. False

A

 

  1. Scientology is recognized as a religion in all countries around the world
    1. True
    2. False

B

 

  1. One of the phenomena that gave rise to the fear of cults was a series of mass suicides.
    1. True
    2. False

A

 

  1. Eastern religions have had more impact in the West than Western religions in the Far East.
    1. True
    2. False

A

  1. New religious movements may in some countries pose threats to national identity and the state.
    1. True
    2. False

A

Essay

  1. Explain the general trends within religious traditions in responding to challenges of the take off period of globalization.
  2. What are the common features of fundamentalist religious movements and of liberal religious movements, regardless of the religion?
  3. Explain the appeal of new religious movements in terms of reaction against bureaucratic organization and rationalization.
  4. Discuss three cases when features of social life that gave rise to religious revivals.
  5. Explain the process of secularization and its general impact on the role religious beliefs and world views.
  6. Religious freedom is regulated in all countries. Discuss some of the ways in which religious freedom is regulated by the state.
  7. Provide an argument in support of and in rejection of the secularization hypothesis. Provide evidence for each viewpoint.
  8. What factors accounted for the rise of Falun Gong, including the favor by the government, in China and its subsequent demise from government favor.
  9. How does Weber’s thesis of the disenchantment of modern life apply to religion?
  10. Explain how Vodun has become part of the cultural tourism industry of Benin.