Sample Chapter

INSTANT DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS
 
Introduction To Global Health 2nd Edition By Jacobsen –  Test Bank
 
SAMPLE QUESTIONS

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

  1. What is the World Health Organization’s definition of health?
  2. “Health is a state of complete physical wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
  3. “Health is a state of complete physical and mental wellbeing.”
  4. “Health is a state of complete physical and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”
  5. “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

 

Ans: D

Page: 2

 

 

 

  1. Which is not an essential public health service?
  2. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
  3. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
  4. Monitor health status to identify community problems.
  5. Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
  6. All of the above are examples of essential public health services.

 

Ans: E

Page: 3

 

 

 

  1. In 1900, what was the most common cause of death in the United States?
  2. Cancer
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Heart disease
  5. Pneumonia / influenza
  6. Yellow fever

 

Ans: D

Page: 5

 

 

 

  1. What is the most common cause of death in the United States today?
  2. Cancer
  3. Heart disease
  4. Influenza
  5. Road traffic accidents
  6. Stroke

 

Ans: B

Page: 5

 

 

 

  1. Which type of population is most likely to have a high fertility rate, high mortality rate, and short life expectancy?
  2. High income area
  3. Middle income area
  4. Low income area

 

Ans: C

Page: 5

 

 

 

  1. Which type of population is most likely to have a low fertility rate, low mortality rate, and long life expectancy?
  2. High income area
  3. Middle income area
  4. Low income area

 

Ans: A

Page: 5

 

 

 

  1. Which term describes a shift toward lower birth and death rates that occurs as populations experience economic development?
  2. Demographic transition
  3. Epidemiologic transition
  4. Nutrition transition
  5. Socioeconomic transition

 

Ans: A

Page: 6

 

 

 

  1. What stage of the demographic transition is characterized by a decreasing death rate, a high birth rate, and an increasing population size?
  2. Pre-transition
  3. Early transition
  4. Late transition
  5. Post-transition

 

Ans: B

Page: 6

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is not true?
  2. Low income populations tend to have a higher proportion of deaths from infection than NCDs
  3. Lower middle income populations tend to have a higher proportion of deaths from injuries than infections.
  4. Upper middle income populations tend to have a higher proportion of deaths from NCDs than infections
  5. High income populations tend to have a higher proportion of deaths from NCDs than infections

 

Ans: B

Page: 7

 

 

 

  1. Which is not an example of a modifiable risk factor?
  2. Age
  3. Exercise habits
  4. Household income
  5. Tobacco use

 

Ans: A

Page: 10

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not a criterion for causation?
  2. A higher dose of the exposure is associated with higher risk of disease
  3. Removing the exposure reduces the risk of disease
  4. There is a clear time sequence, with the exposure occurring before onset of disease
  5. There is a strong statistical association between having the exposure and having the disease
  6. All of the above are causal criteria

 

Ans: E

Page: 11

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of primary prevention?
  2. Glaucoma (eye pressure) tests
  3. Mammography (breast cancer screening)
  4. Measles vaccination
  5. Physical therapy following an injury

 

Ans: C

Page: 15

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of secondary prevention?
  2. Hand-washing
  3. Routine blood pressure checks
  4. Using a seat belt when traveling in a car
  5. Vitamin supplements

 

Ans: B

Page: 15

 

 

 

  1. What is the target population for secondary prevention programs?
  2. People without disease
  3. People with early, non-symptomatic disease
  4. People with symptomatic disease

 

Ans: B

Page: 15

 

 

 

  1. What is the goal of tertiary prevention programs?
  2. To prevent disease from ever occurring
  3. To reduce death, disability, and severe disease through early diagnosis
  4. To reduce impairment and minimize suffering through treatment and rehabilitation

 

Ans: C

Page: 15

 

Multiple Choice

 

 

  1. Which observational study design recruits a representative sample of a population, asks them to complete a survey, and uses that information to get a “snapshot” of health status in the population at one point in time?
  2. Case Series
  3. Case-Control Study
  4. Cohort Study
  5. Prevalence (Cross-Sectional) Survey

 

Ans: D

Page: 43

 

 

 

  1. Which observational study design describes a group of people who all have the same disease?
  2. Case Series
  3. Case-Control Study
  4. Cohort Study
  5. Prevalence (Cross-Sectional) Survey

 

Ans: A

Page: 44

 

 

 

  1. Which observational study design compares the exposure histories of people with disease and a comparison group of people without disease?
  2. Case Series
  3. Case-Control Study
  4. Cohort Study
  5. Prevalence (Cross-Sectional) Survey

 

Ans: B

Page: 44

 

 

 

  1. Which observational study design follows a group of people forward in time to measure the rate of new (incident) disease in the population?
  2. Case Series
  3. Case-Control Study
  4. Cohort Study
  5. Prevalence (Cross-Sectional) Survey

 

Ans: C

Page: 47

 

 

 

  1. If the rate ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval for a cohort study is RR = 2.0 (1.5, 2.6), what is the most appropriate conclusion about the association between the exposure and the disease of interest?
  2. The exposure is a risk factor for the disease
  3. There is no statistically significant association between the exposure and the disease
  4. The exposure is protective against the disease.

 

Ans: A

Page: 49

 

 

 

  1. If the rate ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval for a cohort study is RR = 1.1 (0.7, 1.6), what is the most appropriate conclusion about the association between the exposure and the disease of interest?
  2. The exposure is a risk factor for the disease
  3. There is no statistically significant association between the exposure and the disease
  4. The exposure is protective against the disease.

 

Ans: B

Page: 49

 

 

 

  1. If the rate ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval for a cohort study is RR = 0.5 (0.4, 0.6), what is the most appropriate conclusion about the association between the exposure and the disease of interest?
  2. The exposure is a risk factor for the disease
  3. There is no statistically significant association between the exposure and the disease
  4. The exposure is protective against the disease.

 

Ans: C

Page: 49

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following bioethical principles says that a research study should “do good”?
  2. Beneficence
  3. Distributive justice
  4. Nonmaleficence
  5. Respect for persons

 

Ans: A

Page: 52

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following bioethical principles says that a research study should “do no harm”?
  2. Beneficence
  3. Distributive justice
  4. Nonmaleficence
  5. Respect for persons

 

Ans: C

Page: 53

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following bioethical principles says that the communities that take on the risk of testing a new drug should have continued access to the drug if it proves to be safe and effective?
  2. Beneficence
  3. Distributive justice
  4. Nonmaleficence
  5. Respect for persons

 

Ans: B

Page: 53

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following bioethical principles says that all participants in a research study should have the autonomy to choose whether they want to volunteer to participate?
  2. Beneficence
  3. Distributive justice
  4. Nonmaleficence
  5. Respect for persons

 

Ans: D

Page: 53

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following bioethical principles says that researchers must take careful steps to protect the confidentiality and privacy of study participants?
  2. Beneficence
  3. Distributive justice
  4. Nonmaleficence
  5. Respect for persons

 

Ans: D

Page: 53

 

 

 

  1. What conclusion should be made when comparing the mean ages of cases and controls in a case-control study if the p-value for the t-test test is p=0.65?
  2. The means are different
  3. The means are not different

 

Ans: B

Page: 59

 

 

 

  1. What conclusion should be made when comparing the proportion of men and women in a cohort study who were diagnosed with diabetes during the study period if the p-value for the Chi-square test is p=0.02?
  2. The proportions are different
  3. The proportions are not different

 

Ans: A

Page: 59

 

 

 

  1. Which is not a characteristic of a good public health or medical research report?
  2. The article has been peer-reviewed and published in a respected journal
  3. The methods used to measure the exposures and health outcomes of interest are described in detail
  4. Most statistics are presented in the main text; there are few tables and figures
  5. The limitations of the study are acknowledged and discussed
  6. All of the above are characteristics of a good research report

 

Ans: C

Page: 60