Sample Chapter



 Living Religions 9th Edition By Fisher – Test Bank 



Chapter 3: Hinduism


In this test bank for Living Religions, Ninth Edition, there is a new system for identifying the difficulty of the questions. Questions are now tagged according to the four levels of learning that help organize the text. Think of these four levels as moving from lower-level to higher-level cognitive reasoning. The four levels are:


REMEMBER: a question involving recall of key terms or factual material

UNDERSTAND: a question testing comprehension of more complex ideas

APPLY: a question applying anthropological knowledge to some new situation

ANALYZE: a question requiring identifying elements of an argument and their interrelationship


Types of Questions


Easy to Difficult Level of Difficulty


Multiple Choice Fill in the Blank/Short Answer True/False Essay Total Questions
Remember 1 10 8 19
Understand 6 3 9
Apply 1 1
Analyze 1 2 3
7 10 12 3 32



Fill in the Blank/ Short Answer


  1. The Hindu word for religion, which also refers to duty, natural law, social welfare, ethics, health, wealth, power, and so on, is __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: dharma; page 71)


  1. According to Indian tradition, the Vedas were first heard and carried orally around __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: 8000-6000 BCE; page 74)


  1. Spiritual disciplines designed to clear the mind and support a state of serene, detached awareness are called __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: yoga; page 79)


  1. The power of the feminine aspect of the divine is known as __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: Shakti; page 84)


  1. Hindu sacred texts that instruct worshippers how to honor the feminine divine are called __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: tantras; page 85)


  1. The three major aspects of the deity in Hinduism are called __________, __________, and __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva; page 87)


  1. The two great Hindu epics are called __________ and __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: the Ramayana and the Mahabharata; page 90)


  1. The ancient compendium of mythological narratives on the origins of the cosmos, life, deities, humanity; stories of legendary heroes; and actions of the deity are called __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: the Puranas; page: 94)


  1. The jolliest of all Hindu festivals, characterized by the throwing of colored powder, and celebrated at the advent of spring is called __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: Holi; page 110)


  1. The nineteenth century spiritual leader who recognized the Divine Mother in everything, including a cat, was named __________.

(REMEMBER; answer: Ramakrishna; page 112)



Multiple Choice


  1. The oldest of the known Vedic scriptures is the __________.
  2. Shakta
  3. Kali
  4. Rig Veda
  5. Great Veda

(UNDERSTAND; answer: c; page 75)


  1. The Hindu god of fire is called __________.
  2. Ishtar
  3. Agni
  4. Kali
  5. Ushas

(REMEMBER; answer: b; page 76)


  1. The karma-run wheel of birth, death, and rebirth is called __________.
  2. Brahma
  3. Atman
  4. Vishnu
  5. Samsara

(UNDERSTAND; answer: d; page 77)


  1. Brahmin priests who are trained in Vedic practices and in the proper recitation of Sanskrit texts are called __________.
  2. Pujaris
  3. Darshan
  4. Prasad
  5. Devi

(UNDERSTAND; answer: a; page 95)


  1. The complex system of hierarchies and inequalities that constitutes life in India is referred to by the English word __________.
  2. caste
  3. patriarchy
  4. class
  5. status

(UNDERSTAND; answer: a; page 98)


  1. What is the name for a Hindu spiritual teacher?
  2. Ashram
  3. Soma
  4. Rishis
  5. Guru

(UNDERSTAND; answer: d; page 103)


  1. The father of modern, independent India who taught nonviolent resistance to military and industrial oppression was __________.
  2. Mogul Empire
  3. Mahatma Gandhi
  4. Rama Yana
  5. Sarada Devi

(UNDERSTAND; answer: b; page 112)




  1. Hinduism is largely separable from other dharmic traditions, such as Buddhism or Janism.

(ANALYZE; answer: false; page 71)


  1. Historians of Hinduism agree that “Aryans” invaded and influenced the Indus Valley.

(REMEMBER; answer: false; page 72)


  1. Hindu tradition teaches that the Vedas are not the work of humans.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 75)


  1. The ultimate goal in Hinduism is to make good karma in order to achieve a good incarnation in the next life.

(UNDERSTAND; answer: false; page 77)


  1. Hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints.

(UNDERSTAND; answer: true; page 78)


  1. The Hindu deity who reconciles darkness and light, good and evil, and creation and destruction in the eternal dance of life is called Shiva.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 87)


  1. Following the ancient Vedic traditions, Hindu ritual fire ceremonies occur around a sacred fire place that is called an altar.

(REMEMBER; answer: false; page 96)


  1. Hindu death rituals require cremation, followed by the ritual immersion of bone and ash in the waters of a holy river.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 96)


  1. A guru’s feet are believed to emanate great power, so devotees will often bend to touch the feet of their spiritual teachers.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 103)


  1. A Hindu woman’s role is usually linked to her husband’s, who takes the position of her god and teacher.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 104)


  1. Pilgrimages are important but rarely undertaken by Hindus due to the remote and mountainous locations of many sacred places.

(UNDERSTAND; answer: false; page 107)


  1. Today Hinduism is experiencing a vibrant growth beyond the Indian subcontinent.

(REMEMBER; answer: true; page 113)




  1. The spiritual expressions of Hinduism range from extreme asceticism to extreme sensuality, from the heights of personal devotion to a deity to the heights of abstract philosophy, from metaphysical proclamations of the oneness behind the material world to the worship of images representing a multiplicity of deities. Explain these seeming dichotomies in Hinduism.  Why are there so many variations in this tradition?  What connects the elements of the tradition over time?


(ANALYZE; answer: students should creatively discuss specific aspects of the Hindu tradition that seem dichotomous.  Then they should comment on the length of the tradition and offer their best explanation as to the connections among its varying practices, rituals, and beliefs; page 71)


  1. How are women regarded in the Hindu tradition? Give contrasting examples to show a range of perspectives.  How do you evaluate these contrasts?


(ANALYZE; answer: students may draw from examples explaining and analyzing such aspects as women’s roles in different castes; portrayal of female deities; women’s leadership and ritual roles; women’s sexuality; etc. Students may also be invited to do additional research on women in India within the Hindu tradition; page 103)


  1. Modern India is an independent country free of British colonial rule, characterized in part by its secularism. India is multicultural, multireligious, and does not confer favored political status on any religion. Some have argued that secularism has robbed India of its traditional Hindu values and identity.  Argue for or against this perspective, giving justifications for your point of view.


(APPLY; answer: students arguing for this perspective might cite the damaging effects of colonialism on India and argue in favor of a restoration of traditional Hindu culture.  Students arguing against this perspective might cite the tremendous and inclusive breadth of the Hindu tradition itself, recognizing the abilities to accommodate and incorporate as essentially Hindu values; page 117)