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Making A Difference with Nursing Research by Young & Langford – Test Bank 

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 1

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning care for a patient and reflects upon a previous similar situation to identify care approaches. Which mechanism is this nurse using to acquire knowledge?

  1. Personal experience
  2. Inductive reasoning
  3. Trial and error
  4. Authority

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse asks another colleague for suggestions to help with a patient problem. What is a disadvantage to using this mechanism to acquire knowledge?

  1. The practice may not have been verified as effective.
  2. The information may not have been systematically tested.
  3. It is inefficient and unsystematic.
  4. Experiences are subjective.

 

Question 3

Type: MCMA

While working through a specific patient problem, the nurse acquires information about the problem from a variety of sources. Which sources do nurses use to acquire information?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Smart phone applications
  2. Personal experience
  3. Deductive reasoning
  4. Trial and error
  5. The internet

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nurse is focusing on the process when conducting nursing research. What is the nurse doing at this time?

  1. Verifying a belief
  2. Carrying out research in a precise and organized manner
  3. Following a planned series of steps to gather and analyze information
  4. Testing practice theories by applying them to a specific clinical problem

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning a research study to contribute to professional practice. What is one specific purpose of this type of research study?

  1. Create standardized care plans.
  2. Reduce the number of care maps.
  3. Add credibility to improve outcomes.
  4. Eliminate trial and error in care.

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

The nurse is studying previous research conducted about a patient care issue that was studied in the 1940s. Which resource would be beneficial for the nurse to access?

  1. Research in Nursing and Health journal
  2. Directions for Nursing Research: Toward the Twenty-first Century
  3. The American Nurses Association publications
  4. Nursing Studies Index

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The nurse is participating in a state planning committee that is focusing on the redesign of health care in the state. Which resource would the nurse access to prepare for the work of this committee?

  1. National Institute of Nursing Research
  2. Online Journal of Knowledge Synthesis
  3. The Future of Nursing
  4. To Err is Human

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse with a baccalaureate degree would participate in which nursing research activity?

  1. Identify problems for research.
  2. Implement practice-based guidelines.
  3. Use research findings for clinical care.
  4. Judge the relevance of outcomes for clinical practice.

 

Question 9

Type: MCMA

The nurse with a doctorate degree is planning a research study. Which activities will this nurse conduct?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Acquire funding.
  2. Develop programs for research.
  3. Identify significant research problems.
  4. Develop and implement practice-based guidelines.

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse is implementing an evidence-based guideline when planning the care of a patient with a stage 4 pressure ulcer. What is this nurse doing?

  1. Writing orders for medications to apply to the wound
  2. Applying research findings to clinical practice
  3. Acquiring funding for a research study
  4. Designing a research study

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse is determining information that would be included in an evidence-based guideline. Which activity is not a part of this process?

  1. Appraise evidence.
  2. Search and collect evidence.
  3. Implement the best evidence.
  4. Read an article and implement the ideas.

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing Healthy People 2020 and determines which as being a research goal?

  1. Reduce errors.
  2. Improve end of life care.
  3. Manage chronic illnesses.
  4. Enhance innovation in practice.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing research conducted to improve patient care in 2011. Which would have been a topic that was studied at that time?

  1. Reduce errors in patient care.
  2. Reduce the nursing shortage.
  3. Develop the next generation of nurse scientists.
  4. Enhance research at the associate degree level.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing educational programs to enroll in a doctoral program. How does this action facilitate nursing research?

  1. Ensures funding for health care organizations
  2. Helps meet the demand for more nurse researchers
  3. Supports the adoption of evidence-based practice
  4. Reduces the need for translational research

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

A master’s-prepared nurse is meeting resistance about planning a research study in the organization. Which is an organizational barrier to nursing research?

  1. Knowledge gap about evidence-based practice
  2. Resistance to inductive reasoning
  3. Negative attitude about research
  4. Limited access to resources

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 2

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning to retrieve information when planning a research study. Where will the nurse obtain a listing of pertinent information for the study?

  1. Database
  2. Abstract
  3. Citation
  4. Secondary references

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

In preparation for a research study, the nurse is reviewing a bibliographic database at the school of nursing library. What will the nurse use to locate a desired reference?

  1. Search parameters
  2. Citation
  3. Categories of focus
  4. Systematic review

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse needs information from the National League for Nursing as part of a research study. Where would the nurse obtain this information?

  1. MEDLINE
  2. CDSR
  3. DARE
  4. CINAHL

 

Question 4

Type: MCMA

The nurse is planning to use a computerized database when searching for evidence about a clinical problem. What are the advantages to using this type of database?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Flexible
  2. Time efficient
  3. Free
  4. All full text
  5. Powerful tool

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

While planning an educational program, the staff development nurse wants to research alternative methods to provide information to the registered participants. Which database would be valuable for the nurse to access for this information?

  1. Sociological Abstracts
  2. Social Work Abstracts
  3. Dissertation Abstracts
  4. Education Resources Information Center

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

The nurse is defining the topic before conducting an electronic information retrieval project. What purpose does this action serve?

  1. Sets up search parameters
  2. Defines search limits
  3. Sets search parameters
  4. Ensures probabilistic searching

 

Question 7

Type: MCMA

The nurse researcher wants to begin a research project by identifying standard information and baseline data about a clinical problem. Which resources will this nurse use at this time?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Professional journals
  2. Research journals
  3. Dictionaries
  4. Pamphlets
  5. Books

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher decides to do a database search using Alt Health Watch. For which research topic would this database be appropriate?

  1. Number of doctoral dissertations that focused on managed care
  2. Complementary health care practices of people with diabetes
  3. Impact of food insecurity on the behavior of urban children
  4. Health practices of people diagnosed with bipolar depression

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher wants to obtain the maximum number of results when conducting a search. Which search parameter would achieve this desired result?

  1. Women and heart disease
  2. Men with heart disease or myocardial infarctions
  3. Adolescents using marijuana not cocaine
  4. School-age children not bullying

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse has defined the topic, selected resources, and chose an appropriate database. What will the nurse do next to retrieve information for a research study?

  1. Collect resources from the search.
  2. Examine search results.
  3. Read the abstracts.
  4. Run the search.

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher conducted a database search for information about multiple sclerosis and self-urinary catheterization. Which citation would be eliminated as a resource from the search?

  1. Multiple Sclerosis: self-urinary catheterization tips and techniques
  2. Self-urinary catheterization in chronic disease
  3. Urine output approaches for people with multiple sclerosis
  4. Infection rates with self-urinary catheterization

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

After reviewing the results of a database search, the nurse decides to conduct a secondary search. What is the purpose of this search?

  1. Find earlier research studies on the same topic.
  2. Alter the electronic database used for the search.
  3. Change the Boolean phrasing.
  4. Expand the search parameters.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse is searching for the most recent research information on interventions to prevent the onset of atelectasis in patients with a chest tube. Which nursing research journal would the nurse review first for this information?

  1. Journal of Nursing Scholarship
  2. Western Journal of Nursing Research
  3. Clinical Nursing Research
  4. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The staff development nurse is contemplating the use of simulation to teach a new surgical orthopedic patient care intervention. Which journal would the nurse access to learn the most about simulation as a teaching strategy?

  1. Journal of Operating Room Nurses
  2. Journal of Orthopedic Procedures
  3. Journal of Musculoskeletal Nurses
  4. Journal of Nursing Education

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing a presentation that focuses on the changes in care of patients with diabetes in the United States over the last year. What is the journal or resource that the nurse would access for the most recent information?

  1. Evidence reports from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
  2. The Sigma Theta Tau publication Journal of Nursing Scholarship
  3. The Journal of Community Health Nursing
  4. The Public Health Nursing journal

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 3

Question 1

Type: MCMA

The nurse has participated in several research studies over the last 6 months. What elements would have been included in each of these studies?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Each study identified answers.
  2. Each study had a focused problem.
  3. Each study was systematically performed.
  4. Each study expanded the knowledge base.
  5. Each study generated income for the organization.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse manager is participating in a study to identify characteristics of new graduates that ensure a successful orientation process. In which type of study is this nurse participating?

  1. Research
  2. Nursing research
  3. Controlled research
  4. Clinical nursing research

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse is participating in a clinical research study. Which research problem would be addressed using this research approach?

  1. Are nurse managers with advanced degrees more successful in the career than those who do not have advanced degrees?
  2. Is computerized learning more effective for retention than simulations?
  3. Does a clear liquid diet control nausea better than a regular diet in the patient receiving chemotherapy?
  4. Are nurses with baccalaureate degrees more likely to seek employment in critical care than nurses with associate degrees?

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is determining if there is enough time, money, facilities, and personnel to conduct a research study. This nurse is functioning within which phase of the research process?

  1. Analyzing the data
  2. Designing the study
  3. Implementing the design
  4. Conceptualizing the problem

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

While planning a research study, the nurse researcher is identifying tools to measure the data. The nurse researcher is in which phase of the research process?

  1. Using the results
  2. Designing the study
  3. Analyzing the data
  4. Implementing the design

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

A nurse researcher is implementing the design of a research study. Which activity will the nurse perform during this phase of the research process?

  1. Collect data.
  2. Use inductive reasoning.
  3. Recommend further study.
  4. Write the research proposal.

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

Results of a study are being compared to the literature and placed in a larger nursing context. In which phase of the nursing research process is the nurse functioning?

  1. Implement the design.
  2. Analyze the data.
  3. Design the study.
  4. Use the results.

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is completing a paper that identifies information learned during a research study about a clinical problem. What purpose will this document serve?

  1. Create the research proposal.
  2. Identify the general area of interest.
  3. Disseminate the results of the study.
  4. Compare the results to the literature.

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse is implementing an intervention identified from a research study to address a clinical problem. The results of the intervention have caused the nurse to question different approaches to the issue. This outcome exemplifies which characteristic of research?

  1. It uses data.
  2. It is systematic.
  3. It measures results with tools.
  4. It sows the seeds for new research questions.

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse is evaluating the outcomes of care provided to a patient. This action is similar to which phase of the research process?

  1. Use the results.
  2. Design the study.
  3. Implement the design.
  4. Conceptualize the problem.

 

Question 11

Type: MCMA

When analyzing the difference between the nursing process and the research process, the nurse identifies which elements as being different?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Research process is more complex.
  2. Research has a specialized language.
  3. Research uses a variety of approaches.
  4. Phases in the research process contain sub-steps.
  5. Research theory is less substantial than nursing theory.

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is defining the problem, identifying the purpose, and describing the scope of a research study. In which phase of the nursing process would these activities be completed?

  1. Assessment
  2. Diagnosis
  3. Planning
  4. Implementation

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

When comparing the nursing process with the research process, the nurse identifies which as a similarity?

  1. Both have sub-steps.
  2. Both have five phases.
  3. Both have a specialized language.
  4. Both are narrowly focused on the clinical arena.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse is completing work within the nursing process. For which audience will the nurse share the results of this work?

  1. The patient
  2. The nursing staff
  3. The nursing leadership team
  4. The community of nurse colleagues

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is identifying actions to alleviate a clinical problem. In which phase of the research process would the nurse perform similar actions?

  1. Conceptualize the problem.
  2. Implement the design.
  3. Design the study.
  4. Analyze the data.

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 4

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is planning a quantitative research project about pain control after surgery. Which statement exemplifies the purpose of this type of research?

  1. Post-operative pain occurs in patients who did not receive pre-surgical medication for anxiety.
  2. Post-operative pain is an expectation with surgical procedures.
  3. Post-operative pain means the surgery was not successful.
  4. Post-operative pain is a fear of having surgery.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing abstracts of quantitative research studies that address a clinical problem. Why will the nurse want this type of information?

  1. Explains a diversity of perspectives
  2. Helps to understand numerous outlooks
  3. Predicts outcomes of specific care measures
  4. Provides a perspective on the meaning of care decisions

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is designing a qualitative research project to analyze individual patients’ perspectives about nerve damage after spinal surgery. Which approach will the nurse use to collect the data for this project?

  1. Correlate the number of patients with nerve damage and employment changes.
  2. Measure the number of patients who had nerve damage after surgery.
  3. Determine the different types of nerve damage that occurred.
  4. Identify how the nerve damage has impacted the patient’s life.

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

During the implementation phase of a research project, the nurse asks a patient to explain how a treatment provided for arthritis impacted lifestyle and activities. What is this question measuring?

  1. Explaining phenomena
  2. Understanding experiences
  3. Predicting future outcomes
  4. Controlling adverse effects

 

Question 5

Type: MCMA

The nurse researcher is designing a quantitative research project. What will the nurse include when addressing the research process?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Conduct the study in natural settings.
  2. Collect the data through semi-structured interviews.
  3. Create instructions to guide the treatment of participants.
  4. Assign participants to specific groups before the study begins.
  5. Select participants who are similar to a larger group of people.

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

The nurse is determining if a research study can be conducted to analyze the impact of a clinical treatment on the patient’s health status. Which statement would the nurse use if designing a quantitative study?

  1. Impact of the treatment on the patient’s quality of life
  2. Number of days when the patient is able to work a full 8 hours
  3. Feeling that the treatment will improve interpersonal relationships
  4. Expecting that the treatment will improve energy levels and stamina

 

Question 7

Type: MCMA

The nurse researcher is implementing a qualitative study. Which roles can the nurse play in the implementation process?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Participate with study subjects.
  2. Record data from study subjects.
  3. Collect data from study subjects.
  4. Observe behavior of study subjects.
  5. Provide instruments to study subjects.

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is reviewing information to ensure that the participants are not harmed during the study. Which report will provide the nurse with the most current regulations when engaging in research with human subjects?

  1. Nuremburg Code
  2. The Belmont Report
  3. National Research Act
  4. 45 CFR Part 46 Protection of Human Subjects

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is preparing information to share with participants about the study. How will the nurse ensure that participants are respected?

  1. Inform the participants about the research and confirm that he or she freely agrees to be a part of it.
  2. Promote the welfare of the participants by maximizing the potential for benefits.
  3. Promote the welfare of the participants by minimizing the possibility for harm.
  4. Ensure there is a fair distribution of benefits and burdens over all participants.

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The benefits and risks to the research participants are being reviewed by the nurse researcher. What ethical principle does this analysis supports?

  1. Respect for persons
  2. Beneficence
  3. Autonomy
  4. Justice

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is taking the time to ensure that there is a fair distribution of benefits and burdens among all sample participants in a research study. This nurse’s action is ensuring that which ethical principle is being addressed?

  1. Respect for persons
  2. Beneficence
  3. Justice
  4. Risk

 

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The Institutional Review Board is reviewing a research proposal prior to implementation. What will this review board ensure?

  1. The subjects provide permission to participate in the study.
  2. The federal guidelines for human subject protection are met.
  3. Personal participant information is kept private until permission for release is provided.
  4. There are no identifying features of information that would link a participant to the study.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is ensuring that all participant information in a research study is kept anonymous. What action will the nurse take to ensure this occurs?

  1. Report pooled data.
  2. Assign code numbers.
  3. Eliminate all identifying features.
  4. Use password-protected computers to store data.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is aware of a colleague in a different profession committing scientific misconduct by falsifying data. What action did this colleague make?

  1. Made up data
  2. Changed data outcomes
  3. Committed an honest error
  4. Copying someone else’s words

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 5

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is planning a quantitative study. What does the nurse identify as an advantage of using this research approach?

  1. The process is objective.
  2. The number of phases is variable.
  3. Mathematic calculations are minimal.
  4. Use of the findings in nursing practice can be omitted.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

While conceptualizing the problem of a quantitative study, the nurse researcher learns that the problem scope may not be thoroughly studied in the identified time frame. This finding will impact which aspect of the conceptualization process?

  1. Review the literature.
  2. Formulate the problem.
  3. Develop a framework.
  4. Formulate the variables.

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing a quantitative research study and is having difficulty identifying the theoretic framework. What does this finding indicate to the nurse?

  1. The study is founded on research problems.
  2. The study refutes any theoretic explanations.
  3. The research results will be difficult to integrate into practice.
  4. The links between concepts have yet to be meaningfully tested.

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nurse reads the following statement in a quantitative study: “The impact of active-range-of-motion exercises on the recovery of lower extremity function in patients diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome.” What is the dependent variable?

  1. Active
  2. Range of motion
  3. Guillain-Barré syndrome
  4. Lower extremity function

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

The following sentence appears at the beginning of a quantitative research study: “Male patients with osteoarthritis will demonstrate an improvement in pain level and function after participating in structured muscle-strengthening exercise sessions for 30 minutes three times a week.” What does the nurse identify this sentence as being in the research study?

  1. Hypothesis
  2. Research questions
  3. Conceptual definition
  4. Operational definition

 

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

The nurse researcher plans to use systematic random sampling for a quantitative study. How will the nurse implement this approach?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Create a non-alphabetical list.
  2. Select every kth participant on a random list.
  3. Assign numbers to the sample using a lottery.
  4. Subdivide the list and assign numbers using a lottery.
  5. Identify populations and identify participants from within the populations.

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The results of a quantitative research study include a statement that the study used a non-probability population sample. How will the nurse interpret this statement?

  1. Sample is a mathematical representation of the population.
  2. The results of the study can be generalized to the population.
  3. The findings cannot be generalized to the population with any confidence.
  4. Each element in the population has an independent chance of being in the sample.

 

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning a quantitative research study where the participants will be asked to report knowledge and feelings about a clinical intervention. Which type of instrument will the nurse utilize to collect this data?

  1. Checklist
  2. Rating scale
  3. Categorized list
  4. Questionnaire

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The content of a quantitative research study identified that the instrument used to collect data was approved by a panel of judges. How will the nurse interpret the validity of the instrument used in the study?

  1. It is valid for content.
  2. It is valid for criterion.
  3. It is valid for construct.
  4. It is valid for equivalence.

 

Question 10

Type: MCMA

The nurse researcher has identified eligible participants for a quantitative study. Which actions would the nurse use to ensure an adequate sample size?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Complete a screening form.
  2. Offer an incentive to participating.
  3. Provide an informed consent form.
  4. Explain the benefits of participation.
  5. Identify the convenience of participating.

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is designing the implementation phase of a quantitative study. At which point will the nurse be able to recruit subjects for data collection?

  1. Upon submission of the research study to the institutional review board
  2. Before the institutional review board reviews the research proposal
  3. When authorization is granted by the institutional review board
  4. After the data collection tool is tested for reliability and validity

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

During the analysis of data collected during a quantitative study, the nurse places some data as a frequency distribution. What purpose will this type of data display serve?

  1. Identifies if the findings were significant or not
  2. Determines if the statistics fit into the larger picture
  3. Helps to explain why the findings were unexpected
  4. Allow the use of central tendency and measures of spread

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is determining the variance of the data collected during a quantitative study. What will this calculation explain?

  1. The characteristic clusters of data in a distribution
  2. The spread of the data on the frequency distribution
  3. The average distance of spread in a frequency distribution
  4. The average area of spread under the frequency distribution curve

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

When analyzing the data collected during a quantitative research study, the nurse adds up all of the scores obtained from the sample and divides it by the number of scores added together. What measure of central tendency is the nurse calculating?

  1. Mean
  2. Mode
  3. Range
  4. Median

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reading the results of a quantitative study for ways to implement the findings into practice. Which area of the report would the nurse find this information?

  1. Research question
  2. Generalizability
  3. Implications
  4. Hypothesis

 

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 6

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is designing a quantitative research study. What is the purpose of this type of study in nursing?

  1. Determine how patients feel about prescribed treatments.
  2. Answer questions about statistically measurable concepts.
  3. Understand the nursing process in relation to the scientific method.
  4. Identify interventions that are based upon the best evidence from research.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

A quantitative research project is being designed in order to answer a clinical problem. What is the motivation behind this study?

  1. Basic
  2. Applied
  3. Descriptive
  4. Explanatory

 

Question 3

Type: MCMA

An explanatory study is being designed to measure the outcomes when implementing a specific intervention during patient care. What are the characteristics of this type of quantitative study?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Searches for a specific cause and effect
  2. Focuses on the prevalence of concepts
  3. Explains why concepts are related
  4. Explains how concepts are linked
  5. Describes identified concepts

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning a quantitative longitudinal study. Which research question would be appropriate for this type of study?

  1. Impact of mining for natural gas on the health of the community in the years ahead
  2. Success of diet management and exercise on weight reduction and maintenance over 20 years
  3. Number of patients who take beta blockers as prescribed after having an acute myocardial infarction
  4. Effects of nuclear energy power plant accidents on the number of new cases of breast cancer in a community

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is planning to use a randomized control trial for the design of a quantitative study. What will occur when this design is used?

  1. Data will be collected as it unfolds.
  2. The researcher will serve as an observer.
  3. A large sample will be used from multiple sites and settings.
  4. Data will be collected on events that occurred before the study.

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

A non-experimental design is being used for a quantitative study. What will occur during this study?

  1. A concept will be manipulated.
  2. A concept will not be manipulated.
  3. Data will be collected over several years.
  4. A large sample size from multiple sites and settings will be used.

 

Question 7

Type: MCMA

The nurse is planning a quantitative study using a true experimental design. What three characteristics will the nurse include when designing this study?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Control
  2. Time series
  3. Manipulation
  4. Random assignment
  5. Static group comparison

 

Question 8

Type: MCMA

A quasi-experimental quantitative study is planned, using a non-equivalent control group. What will occur with the groups during this study?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. The control group will receive nothing.
  2. The experimental group will receive a treatment.
  3. Participants are randomly assigned to the groups.
  4. A single group is used for the duration of the study.
  5. Both groups will have the dependent variable measured.

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher was planning a quantitative study using a true experimental design. However, it changed to a pre-experimental design. Which characteristic would not be used in the pre-experimental design?

  1. Two groups
  2. Treatment applied
  3. Random group assignments
  4. Dependent variable measured

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

Why would the nurse search for the results of a true experimental design quantitative study for recommendations to change a patient care intervention?

  1. Produces the highest quality of evidence for nursing practice
  2. Based upon the outcomes from a tightly studied group
  3. Limits the number of variables that can be studied
  4. Reduces the need to randomize samples

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

After reading the results of a true experimental design quantitative study, the nurse decides that additional studies are needed before implementing a change to address a clinical problem. What did the nurse determine after reading the results of the study?

  1. The results could only be applied to a select group of patients.
  2. Interventions were highly tested and would produce a change.
  3. The groups that were studied were not randomized.
  4. Only the experimental group received a treatment.

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is planning a quantitative study to measure the results on several different variables. Why would a true experimental design approach not be appropriate for this study?

  1. The amount of resources needed to conduct this study would be too great.
  2. The process limits the number of variables that can be studied at one time.
  3. The analysis of the data could not be interpreted for the nursing community.
  4. The researcher would not be able to identify an appropriate measurement tool.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is planning a quantitative study using a non-experimental design. What is an advantage of using this type of design in a study?

  1. A specific treatment or intervention can be used.
  2. It determines a relationship between variables that already exists.
  3. A treatment can be provided on events that have already occurred.
  4. It provides evidence to promote a change in a specific nursing intervention.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse wants to study a set of variables that have already occurred. Which type of research design would support this nurse’s needs?

  1. Pre-experimental
  2. Non-experimental
  3. True experimental
  4. Quasi-experimental

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

While reviewing research studies on a particular clinical problem, the nurse is searching for those that use the non-experimental research design. Which term would help identify non-experimental research in the literature?

  1. Post hoc
  2. Predictive
  3. Static group comparison
  4. Randomized controlled trial

 

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 7

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning a qualitative research study to focus on issues of obtaining health care services by people who are newly immigrated to the United States. Where will the nurse collect data for this study?

  1. Individuals from targeted immigrant groups
  2. Statistics from city hospitals regarding admissions
  3. State statistics identifying areas of immigrant populations
  4. Federal statistics regarding the numbers and locations of immigrant populations

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is conceptualizing the problem for a qualitative research study. Which activity will the nurse perform when identifying a theoretical framework for the study?

  1. Review the literature.
  2. Formulate the problem.
  3. Develop the research question.
  4. Identify a philosophical position.

 

Question 3

Type: MCMA

The topic of a qualitative research study is the effects of exercise on improving the quality of life of adults with osteoarthritis. Where would the nurse obtain participants for this study?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. People with osteoarthritis who answer an ad in the local paper for participants
  2. Individuals who participate in arthritis swimming classes at the local gym
  3. People who express an interest in learning more about osteoarthritis
  4. Outpatient rehabilitation centers for patients with osteoarthritis
  5. Health care providers’ referrals for patients with osteoarthritis

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

A group of participants are meeting as a focus group for a qualitative study. At the end of the session the researcher invited each group member to participate with a private interview if so desired. Why did the researcher make this offer?

  1. Keep the focus of the research study in their minds.
  2. Increase the size of the sample of the research study.
  3. Spur individual recall of incidents to share about the research topic.
  4. Encourage the sharing of information that might not have been divulged in a group setting.

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

While conducting a qualitative study, the researcher is keeping an audit trail of decisions made. How does this action contribute to scientific rigor?

  1. It validates dependability.
  2. It captures confirmability.
  3. It ensures transferability.
  4. It proves credibility.

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

The researcher is preparing to conduct interviews as part of collecting data for a qualitative study. What will the researcher do to ensure confidentiality of the research participants?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Destroy taped materials.
  2. Password protect computers.
  3. Change names of participants.
  4. Secure materials in locked files.
  5. Create a plan to withdraw from the setting.

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

During the course of collecting data for a qualitative research study the researcher records information about a situation being observed. The researcher is using which method of collecting qualitative data?

  1. Field notes
  2. Interview
  3. Focus group
  4. Transcriptions

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

During the data collection of a qualitative study the researcher stands off to the side and watches the participants interact within the research setting. Which data collection method is the researcher using?

  1. Semi-structured interview
  2. Non-participant observer
  3. Participant observer
  4. Field note validator

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

Data collection for a qualitative study is in progress. When will the researcher begin the process of data analysis?

  1. After the first interview
  2. After the study concludes
  3. Before transcribing field notes
  4. Before identifying the philosophical position

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The researcher is analyzing data collected during a qualitative study. At which point in the data analysis process will the researcher support the identified theme with evidence?

  1. Before developing themes
  2. Before information is clustered together
  3. After developing and writing interpretive statements about the themes
  4. Before reading the manuscript to understand the information being shared

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The researcher is designing a qualitative study about the experiences adolescents have when using the insulin pump for controlling blood glucose levels in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which approach will the researcher use to support the purpose of the study?

  1. Case study
  2. Ethnography
  3. Phenomenology
  4. Grounded theory

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

A qualitative study is being planned using the ethnography approach. What role will the researcher take during data collection for this study?

  1. Observer
  2. Designer
  3. Analyzer
  4. Disseminator

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse researcher is using a grounded theory approach for a qualitative study. At which point will the nurse perform discriminate sampling?

  1. Early in the study
  2. During the final phase
  3. After analyzing the data
  4. When developing study categories

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing a historical research study. What will the nurse use as secondary sources of data for this study?

  1. Newspaper articles
  2. Meeting minutes
  3. Diaries
  4. Letters

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is analyzing a clinical problem to figure out the steps in the issue. Which qualitative research approach would be the best for the nurse use when further studying the problem?

  1. Ethnography
  2. Grounded theory
  3. Historical research
  4. Case study research

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 8

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse wants to read the hypothesis of a research article. Where would the nurse look for this information?

  1. Methods
  2. Results/findings
  3. Discussion/conclusion
  4. Introduction and background

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing an article in a research journal that used a qualitative study approach. In which methodology section would the nurse find information about the philosophical position?

  1. Sample and setting
  2. Research design
  3. Data collection
  4. Data analysis

 

Question 3

Type: MCMA

When writing the findings section of a qualitative study article, the researcher makes this section much longer than any of the other sections. Why did the researcher write so much more for this section?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Results are written in narrative form.
  2. Tables and graphs needed to be created.
  3. The statistical analysis needed to be explained.
  4. The theme and structure needed to be described.
  5. The values of the calculated statistics were justified.

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

While reading a quantitative research article, the nurse wants to find information about the implications of the study to clinical practice. To find this information, the nurse would focus on which article section?

  1. Results
  2. Methods
  3. Discussion
  4. References

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

When reviewing a research article for application to clinical practice, the nurse uses the survey, examine, and evaluation method. How does this method help the nurse?

  1. It supports critical reading.
  2. It supports critical thinking.
  3. It identifies the philosophical position.
  4. It clearly delineates the statistical findings.

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

When surveying a research article, on which areas will the nurse pay particular attention?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Title
  2. Results
  3. Abstract
  4. Methods
  5. References

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The following sentence is written in the abstract of a research article: “The study tested the use of 5 lb. hand weights during 30-minute instructor-led exercise sessions (3 sessions per week for 8 weeks) to reduce the percentage of osteopenia in female participants (N=15).” What is the bottom line for this research study?

  1. Instructor-led
  2. Use of 5 lb. hand weights
  3. 30-minute exercise sessions
  4. Reduce percentage of osteopenia

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse is examining a research article using the SEE strategy. At which point will the nurse identify the variables and the population of interest for the study?

  1. Before locating the research questions
  2. After locating the conceptual framework
  3. Before identifying the problem statement
  4. Before identifying the rationale for the study

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

When examining a quantitative research study, what will the nurse do when determining data collection measures?

  1. Identify the study setting.
  2. Identify sampling techniques.
  3. Identify reliability of the tool.
  4. Identify how data were processed.

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse is examining a quantitative study about a clinical problem. Why is it important for the nurse to examine the statistical measures used in the study?

  1. Determines the answers to the research questions
  2. Determines the data analysis procedures
  3. Determines the data collection measures
  4. Determines the conduct of the study

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

When examining the results section of a quantitative research article, the nurse wants to determine the characteristics of the study participants. What will the nurse do to make this determination?

  1. Identify the results of statistical tests.
  2. Identify the structure used to describe findings.
  3. Examine if results were statistically significant.
  4. Note descriptive statistics provided for other variables.

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse sees that the limitations were placed on the results of a quantitative research study. What does this information suggest to the nurse?

  1. The results can be immediately applied to practice.
  2. The application of the results to practice is limited.
  3. The references are not current and need to be updated.
  4. The findings cannot be interpreted for application to nursing.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse is performing a research critique of an article written about a quantitative study. What information will this critique provide for the nurse?

  1. Addresses if the study was theoretically sound
  2. Explains how the results were reviewed
  3. Discusses how the sample was obtained
  4. Identifies methods used to collect data

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

When evaluating a quantitative research study, which question would the nurse ask to determine the methodology of the study?

  1. Were key elements of the study clearly identified?
  2. Do the researchers state a theoretical framework?
  3. Can I use these findings in my practice?
  4. Were instruments reliable and valid?

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is evaluating a qualitative research study and is answering the question “Did the themes, structures, or processes make sense?” For which section would the nurse answer this question?

  1. Discussion
  2. Results/findings
  3. Title and abstract
  4. Overall questions

 

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 9

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing a presentation to identify research evidence that supports the need to adopt a specific intervention within clinical practice. How is the nurse utilizing research?

  1. Conceptual
  2. Instrumental
  3. Persuasive
  4. Theoretical

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

Which statement would the nurse use to explain the difference between research utilization and evidence-based practice?

  1. Evidence-based practice begins with a clinical problem and seeks research-based evidence.
  2. Evidence-based practice refers to finding a practical use for findings from a research study.
  3. Research utilization uses a deliberate and systematic problem-solving approach.
  4. Research utilization considers how the decisions fit individual patient needs and preferences.

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse is using a critical thinking evidence-based model to apply findings from a research study into practice. What will be this nurse’s first step when using this model?

  1. Prepare
  2. Validate
  3. Assess need for change
  4. Synthesize the evidence

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

A health care organization is planning to adopt a model of evidence-based practice that can be linked to quality assurance activities. Which model would be the best for this organization to implement?

  1. ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation
  2. Stetler Model of Research Utilization
  3. Rosswurm and Larrabee Model
  4. Iowa Model

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

The ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation is being used by an organization to organize evidence-based practice processes. At which point will implemented evidence-based practices be analyzed for economic impact?

  1. Summary
  2. Translation
  3. Integration
  4. Evaluation

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

The nurse is using systematic reviews to gain evidence-based practice information about a clinical problem. In what forms will the summary information be available?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Meta-analysis
  2. Metasynthesis
  3. Critically appraised topics
  4. Integrated research review
  5. Best practice information sheets

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing clinical practice guidelines to address a particular clinical problem. What can be done to ensure that these guidelines are used when caring for patients with the same clinical problem?

  1. Incorporate the guideline into the policy and procedure manual.
  2. Provide the web address to locate these guidelines on the internet.
  3. Place printed copies of the guidelines in the nurse’s station.
  4. Create sheets listing the types of guidelines available for the problem.

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse wants to locate clinical practice guidelines that focus on prevention of pressure ulcers in patients with renal failure. Which database would the nurse use to search for these guidelines?

  1. Cochrane database
  2. Agency for Healthcare Research
  3. Joanna Briggs Institute in Australia
  4. Iowa Gerontological Nursing Interventions Research Center

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

During a committee meeting to develop a critical pathway for the client recovering from acute myocardial infarction, evidence about one particular intervention is provided from the policy and procedure manual and quality improvement reports. At which level on the evidence hierarchy is this evidence?

  1. Level 2
  2. Level 3
  3. Level 5
  4. Level 6

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse is creating a clinical practice guideline that is based on evidence from a comprehensive review and relevant systematic reviews. At which level of the evidence hierarchy will this clinical practice guideline be created?

  1. Level 1
  2. Level 2
  3. Level 3
  4. Level 4

 

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse is utilizing a process to integrate evidence into nursing practice. At which point will the nurse implement an intervention?

  1. Before problem identification
  2. Before outcome evaluation
  3. Before evidence collection
  4. After evidence appraisal

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse has created the following clinical question: “In older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, what is the effect of aerobic exercise compared to anaerobic exercise on perceived tolerance of activities of daily living?” When using the PICOT model, what is the outcome of this clinical question?

  1. Older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. Perceived tolerance of activities of daily living
  3. Anaerobic exercise
  4. Aerobic exercise

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The nurse is appraising clinical guidelines to address a patient care problem. Which question will the nurse ask to determine credibility of the guideline?

  1. Would the guideline fit into the clinical setting?
  2. What are the groups that produced the guideline?
  3. Is the guideline specific enough to guide care?
  4. Has the guideline been clinically tested?

 

Question 14

Type: MCMA

The nurse is developing a protocol for the implementation of a new patient care intervention. What will be included in this document?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. The purpose
  2. The rationale
  3. Steps for implementing
  4. Evidence for credibility
  5. Expected clinical outcomes

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is evaluating the effectiveness of a new intervention to address a particular patient problem. Which part of the research question will be used to evaluate this process?

  1. Intervention
  2. Population
  3. Outcome
  4. Time

 

Langford Making a Difference with Nursing Research, 1/E
Chapter 10

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The nurse is aware of a number of patients who develop post-operative abdominal wound infections. What can the nurse do first with this information?

  1. Identify this as a clinical problem.
  2. List strategies to treat the post-operative infections.
  3. Search for literature that identifies the frequency of post-operative infections.
  4. Review evidence-based guidelines to combat post-operative infections.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The nurse has written the following problem statement: “In adult patients who experience aphasia after having a stroke, what is the effect of using a flip chart with pictures instead of an erasable white board in the room on the patients’ ability to communicate care needs?” When using the PICOT format, what has the nurse identified as the comparison intervention?

  1. Patients recovering from a stroke
  2. Communicate care needs
  3. Flip chart with pictures
  4. Erasable white board

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse wants to analyze the effects of early ambulation instead of 24 hours of bed rest after surgery on the return of bowel sounds in patients recovering from spinal surgery. If using the PICOT format, what is the nurse proposing as the intervention in this statement?

  1. Early ambulation
  2. 24 hours of bed rest
  3. Return of bowel sounds
  4. Patients with spinal surgery

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning to search the literature for help with the clinical problem of infiltrated intravenous sites associated with needleless intravenous systems. What would the nurse identify as a key concept for this problem?

  1. Intravenous infusion fluids
  2. Intravenous site infiltrations
  3. Infiltration of needleless intravenous systems
  4. Treatment of infiltrations caused by needleless intravenous systems

 

Question 5

Type: MCSA

A search for literature to address the clinical problem of bruising after providing a Z-track injection is being planned. Which key words would provide the most applicable results?

  1. Bruising or injection
  2. Bruising and injections
  3. Bruising or Z-track injection
  4. Bruising and Z-track injection

 

Question 6

Type: MCSA

A literature search on the impact of using a bedside incentive spirometer after surgery to prevent hospital-acquired pneumonia in the patient recovering from orthopedic surgery resulted in 150 articles. What will the nurse do first after receiving the list?

  1. Read the abstracts of each article for applicability.
  2. Read the titles of each article for applicability.
  3. Read the references at the end of each article.
  4. Read the complete articles for applicability.

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning to appraise the evidence collected about a patient care problem. Why would the nurse review clinical practice guidelines first?

  1. Clinical guidelines are written in narrative format.
  2. Clinical guidelines are the strongest level of clinical evidence.
  3. Clinical guidelines provide information about patient experiences.
  4. Clinical guidelines provide evidence about non-experimental studies.

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning to appraise the evidence for a clinical problem and wants to focus on Level 2 evidence. What will the nurse review for this level of evidence?

  1. Systematic literature reviews
  2. Qualitative research studies
  3. Expert opinion reports
  4. Clinical guidelines

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse wants to review literature on non-experimental studies to address a patient care problem. On which level of evidence is the nurse going to focus this review?

  1. Level 1
  2. Level 2
  3. Level 3
  4. Level 4

 

Question 10

Type: MCMA

The nurse is ensuring that research articles for a patient problem are Level 5 evidence. What will the nurse focus on when reviewing these articles?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Qualitative study
  2. Use of questionnaires
  3. Single non-experiment study
  4. Use of interviews or observation
  5. Random assignment of control groups

 

Question 11

Type: MCMA

The nurse is integrating evidence prior to implementing an intervention for a patient care problem. What will the nurse include when conducting a body of evidence appraisal?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Explanation of the intervention
  2. Costs associated with implementation
  3. Resources needed for implementation
  4. Quality of the evidence studied about the intervention
  5. Reliability of the evidence studied about the intervention

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

Why would the nurse be concerned that an intervention for a patient care problem that has been analyzed with a body evidence appraisal has transferability?

  1. To determine if the populations in the studies are similar to those with the clinical problem
  2. To identify if the staff has the skills to implement the intervention
  3. To determine if there is institutional support for the intervention
  4. To identify if the intervention adds to the staff’s work load

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

When conducting a body of evidence appraisal for an intervention, what purpose will identifying barriers and facilitators serve?

  1. It provides a mechanism for transferability.
  2. It explains the safety of the intervention.
  3. It adds to the quality of evidence.
  4. It helps identify feasibility.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The impact of changing the type of linens for a patient care area is being analyzed. In which step of the process will this analysis be done?

  1. Integrating evidence
  2. Collecting evidence
  3. Outcome evaluation
  4. Evidence appraisal

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse has completed an evidence-based practice review to change a patient care intervention. Which avenue would disseminate the outcomes of the review to the most nurses in the organization?

  1. A review of the outcomes is provided during the Quality Improvement committee meeting.
  2. The nurse creates a poster presentation and an article for the organization’s newsletter.
  3. The nurse manager provides a review of the outcomes during the managers’ meeting.
  4. The nurse documents the outcomes of the review in the care area’s staff meeting minutes.

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