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Psychiatric Nursing Contemporary Practice 5th Edition By Boyd – Test Bank 

 

1. A group of nursing students are reviewing information about the evolution of mental health care and are discussing the recommendations of the final report of the Joint Commission on Mental Illness and Health. The students demonstrate understanding of this information when they identify that the report recommended an increase in which of the following?
A) Numbers of mental health hospitals
B) State funding for mental health care
C) Clinics supplemented by general hospital units
D) Use of psychotherapy by psychiatrists

 

 

2. A nurse is reviewing the American Nurses Association’s Statement on Psychiatric Nursing Practice published in 1967, which sanctioned the involvement of psychiatric–mental health nurses in the provision of holistic nursing care. Integrating knowledge of the various theories and views of mental health and illness, the nurse identifies which of the following as most strongly linked to this holistic approach?
A) Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory
B) Florence Nightingale’s Notes on Nursing
C) Hildegarde
D) Clifford Beers’ A Mind That Found Itself
E) Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations in Nursing

 

 

3. A nursing instructor is preparing a presentation about key events and people that influenced the development of contemporary mental health and illness care. When describing the effects of World War II, which of the following would the instructor include?
A) People began to view mental illness as more commonplace and acceptable.
B) The biologic understanding of mental illness was almost fully developed.
C) Deinstitutionalization occurred in response to the community health movement.
D) Mental illnesses became categorized as psychoses or neuroses.

 

 

4. A nursing student is presenting a discussion of the history of psychiatric–mental health nursing and its place within nursing history. Which of the following would be most appropriate to include?
A) Certification for the psychiatric–mental health nursing specialty was first emphasized by Mary Adelaide Nutting.
B) Psychiatric nurses played a part in seeing that all deinstitutionalized patients got treatment at community mental health centers.
C) There is a historical link between the first nursing program to admit male students and the first training school for psychiatric nursing.
D) The first graduate program in psychiatric nurses was established in response to the publication of psychiatric nursing specialty journals.

 

 

5. Two nursing students are discussing psychiatric–mental health nursing and the role it has played in nursing’s overall history. Which statement is most accurate?
A) The importance of using therapeutic communication was stressed by Nightingale.
B) The use of self-care to enhance the immune system was taught by Dorothea Dix.
C) The moral treatment of mental illness was a primary focus of deinstitutionalization.
D) Peplau was the first nurse to stress the importance of therapeutic communication.

 

 

6. When reviewing the evolution of mental health and illness care, which event is associated with mental disorders beginning to be viewed as illnesses requiring treatment?
A) Establishment of Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia
B) Quaker establishment of asylums
C) Creation of the state hospital system
D) Freud’s views on the causes of mental illnesses

 

 

7. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is working on a committee that is developing programs that integrate the objectives for mental health and mental disorders as identified in Healthy People 2020. Which type of program would be least appropriate?
A) Single substance abuse treatment programs
B) Depression screening programs for primary care providers
C) Mental health programs for the homeless population
D) Employment programs for those with serious mental illness

 

 

8. A nursing instructor is describing the concept of evidence-based practice in psychiatric–mental health nursing. Which of the following would the instructor include as being important? Select all that apply.
A) Research findings
B) Expert opinion
C) Clinical experiences
D) Patient data
E) Established routines

 

 

9. The following events are important in the development of psychiatric–mental health nursing practice. Which event occurred first?
A) Publication of Standards of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing by the ANA
B) Publication of Standards of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Practice
C) Establishment of the first graduate program in psychiatric nursing at Rutgers University
D) Publication of the first psychiatric nursing text, Nursing Mental Disease, by Harriet Bailey

 

 

10. A nurse is preparing a presentation about the current status of mental health services in the United States. Which statement would the nurse include as the most reflective of this status?
A) “Mental health care in the United States is equally accessible to individuals.”
B) “Mental illness ranks second in terms of causing disability in comparison.”
C) “Mental health care primarily focuses on the cure of mental illness.”
D) “Mental health care services are inadequate and fragmented.”

 

 

11. A group of students are reviewing the goals identified by the New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. The students demonstrate understanding of this report when they identify which of the following as a goal?
A) Mental health is viewed as one component of overall health.
B) The consumer and family are the driving forces for mental health care.
C) Screening is of greater importance than assessment and referral for services.
D) Disparities in mental health services are decreased.

 

 

12. The following are important legislative and policy efforts influencing current mental health care. Which of the following is the most recent?
A) Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General
B) New Freedom Commission on Mental Health
C) Action for Mental Health
D) Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act

 

 

13. As part of a career day presentation to a group of nursing students, a psychiatric–mental health nurse plans to describe how this specialty developed. Which individual would the nurse describe as playing a major role in the development of specialty training programs for psychiatric nurses?
A) Mary Adelaide Nutting
B) Hildegarde Peplau
C) Harriet Bailey
D) Linda Richards

 

 

14. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is asked to be a guest speaker at a community fund-raising event for mental health services. Which of the following would the nurse emphasize as the primary goal of mental health services?
A) Access to affordable mental health care
B) Removal of exclusions because of preexisting conditions
C) Recovery from mental illness
D) Effective treatment for mental health care needs

 

 

15. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is implementing evidence-based practice. The nurse understands that this approach is developed by doing which of the following first?
A) Conducting research
B) Identifying a clinical question
C) Determining outcomes
D) Collaborating with the patient

 

 

16. A group of students are reviewing information about mental health care after World War II. The students demonstrate understanding of this information when they identify which of the following as a result of the National Mental Health Act?
A) Discovery of psychopharmacology
B) Passage of the Hill-Burton Act
C) Establishment of the National Institute of Mental Health
D) Development of community mental health centers

 

 

17. When providing care to a patient, the psychiatric–mental health nurse is implementing the therapeutic use of self. The nurse is applying the concepts based on the work of which individual?
A) Hildegarde Peplau
B) Florence Nightingale
C) Dorothea Dix
D) Sigmund Freud

 

 

18. After teaching a class to a group of nursing students about the historical perspectives of mental health care, the instructor determines that the group has understood the information when they identify which of the following as a common belief about mental illness during the medieval period?
A) Mental illness in an individual was the result of being possessed by demons.
B) A person was removed from a contaminated environment to protect him or her.
C) Exorcisms were used as primary mode of treatment to cleanse the person of his or her sins.
D) The focus was on moral treatment to promote the individual’s safety and comfort.

 

 

1. A nursing instructor is describing the DSM-IV-TR to a group of nursing students. Which of the following would the instructor include as the primary purpose of this classification?
A) Provide a commonly understood diagnostic category for clinical practice.
B) Describe treatment modalities for psychiatric disorders and mental illnesses.
C) Identify various etiologies for mental disorders based on family histories.
D) Provide optimal outcomes for treatment for individuals with mental illnesses.

 

 

2. A nurse is providing care to a patient with a mental disorder classified by the DSM-IV-TR. The nurse understands that although the first three axes appear to contain all the diagnostic information about a patient, a truly accurate picture of the client is incomplete without considering other factors such as an estimate of current functioning and:
A) Life stressors
B) Cultural background
C) Marital status
D) Genetic history

 

 

3. A patient’s global assessment functioning reveals that he has minimal symptoms with good functioning in all areas. Which score would the nurse correlate with these findings?
A) 94
B) 82
C) 75
D) 63

 

 

4. A female patient was admitted to the hospital with pneumonia, and in the course of her treatment, it was determined that she was experiencing alcohol dependence because she began experiencing alcohol withdrawal while she was in the hospital. When the psychiatrist who was called in as a consultant documented the patient’s mental disorder, he identified her alcohol dependence on which axis?
A) Axis I
B) Axis II
C) Axis III
D) Axis IV

 

 

5. A 25-year-old woman who recently had abdominal surgery was admitted to the psychiatric unit, where it was determined that she had a borderline personality disorder. During the first week on the unit, it was determined that she also has diabetes. Her diabetes mellitus would be listed in which axis of her DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?
A) Axis I
B) Axis II
C) Axis III
D) Axis IV

 

 

6. As part of a class activity, nursing students are engaged in a small group discussion about the epidemiology of mental illness. Which statement best explains the importance of epidemiology in understanding the impact of mental disorders?
A) Epidemiology helps promote understanding of the patterns of occurrence associated with mental disorders.
B) Epidemiology helps explain research findings about the neurophysiology that causes mental disorders.
C) Epidemiology provides a thorough theoretical explanation of why specific mental disorders occur.
D) Epidemiology predicts when a specific psychiatric client will recover from a specific mental disorder.

 

 

7. A nurse is working in a community mental health center that provides care to a large population of Asian descent. When developing programs for this community, which of the following would be most important for the nurse to address?
A) Public stigma
B) Self-stigma
C) Label avoidance
D) Negative life events

 

 

8. A group of students are reviewing the multiaxial diagnostic system of the DSM-IV-TR. The students demonstrate understanding of the axes when they identify that each axis represents which of the following?
A) An evidence-based research finding
B) An experimental design to guide care
C) A domain of information
D) A laboratory test finding

 

 

9. A nursing student is assigned to care for a patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. When talking about this patient in a clinical postconference, the student would use which terminology when referring to the patient?
A) Committed patient
B) Schizophrenic
C) Schizophrenic patient
D) Person with schizophrenia

 

 

10. Mrs. Green is a patient on a psychiatric unit. At the time of her admission, her dog was killed when a car accidentally ran over it; in addition to that, she just found out that her mother has been diagnosed with colon cancer. This information would be addressed in which DSM-IV axis?
A) Axis I
B) Axis II
C) Axis III
D) Axis IV

 

 

11. A nursing student is reviewing journal articles about major depression. One of the articles describes the number of persons newly diagnosed with the disorder during the past year. The student interprets this as which of the following?
A) Rate
B) Prevalence
C) Point prevalence
D) Incidence

 

 

12. While working in a community mental health treatment center, the nurse overhears one of the receptionists saying that one of the patients is “really psycho.” Later in the day, the nurse talks with the receptionist about the comment. This action by the nurse demonstrates an attempt to address which issue?
A) Lack of knowledge
B) Public stigma
C) Label avoidance
D) Self-stigma

 

 

13. After teaching a group of students about mental health and mental illness, the instructor determines that the teaching was successful when the group identifies which of the following as reflecting mental disorders?
A) Capacity to interact with others
B) Ability to deal with ordinary stress
C) Alteration in mood or thinking
D) Lack of impaired functioning

 

 

14. A nurse is preparing a presentation for a local community group about mental disorders and plans to include how mental disorders are different from medical disorders. Which statement would be most appropriate for the nurse to include?
A) “Mental disorders are defined by an underlying biological pathology.”
B) “Numerous laboratory tests are used to aid in the diagnosis of mental disorders.”
C) “Cluster of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings characterize mental disorders.”
D) “Manifestations of mental disorders are within normal, expected parameters.”

 

 

15. Which of the following would a nurse identify as being categorized as Axis I in the DSM-IV-TR? Select all that apply.
A) Paranoid personality disorder
B) Posttraumatic stress disorder
C) Anorexia nervosa
D) Mental retardation
E) Unemployment
F) Coronary artery disease

 

 

16. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is providing care for a patient with a mental disorder. The patient is participating in the decision-making process. The nurse interprets this as which component of recovery?
A) Self-direction
B) Empowerment
C) Person-centered
D) Holistic

 

 

17. A nurse is explaining recovery to the family of a patient diagnosed with a mental disorder. Which statement would be most appropriate for the nurse to include about this process?
A) “It is a step-by-step process from being ill to being well.”
B) “The patient focuses mainly on the emotional aspects of his condition.”
C) “The patient is helped to live a meaningful life to his fullest potential.”
D) “Although peer support is important, the self-acceptance is essential.”

 

 

18. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is preparing a presentation about recovery for a group of newly hired nurses for the mental health facility. Which of the following would the nurse identify as one of the most important concepts?
A) Self-direction
B) Peer support
C) Respect
D) Hope

 

 

19. The nurse is reviewing the medical record of a patient and notes the information below. Which of the following would be found on Axis III? Select all that apply.
A) Cocaine dependence
B) Bipolar I disorder
C) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
D) Cellulitis
E) Homelessness
F) Arrest for cocaine possession with intent to sell

 

 

20. A college-aged student and his friend arrive at the student health center. The friend reports that the patient has been having difficulties concentrating, remembering, and thinking. “He’s had quite a few research papers due this past week.” After ruling out other problems, the nurse determines that the patient is experiencing a culture-bound syndrome. Which of the following would the nurse most likely suspect?
A) Ataque de nervios
B) Brain fog
C) Mal de ojo
D) Shenjing shuairo

 

 

1. When reviewing several studies about Hispanic Americans and their use of mental health care facilities, the nurse notes that this cultural group tends to use all other resources before seeking help from mental health professionals. Which of the following would the nurse identify as a reason for this belief about many mental health facilities?
A) Require periods of hospitalization
B) Do not provide 24-hour emergency services
C) Are not reimbursed by third party payers
D) Do not accommodate their cultural needs

 

 

2. A nurse is preparing a presentation about mental health problems associated with specific cultural groups. When describing mental health problems associated with Asian Americans, Polynesians, and Pacific Islanders, the nurse would address high rates of which of the following?
A) Schizophrenia
B) Manic disorders
C) Dementia
D) Suicide

 

 

3. The nurse is doing an assessment interview of a patient. During the interview, the patient comments, “Our people are connected with nature. Our world, our seasons, and our weather—they all have many lessons to teach us.” The nurse interprets the patient’s statement as an expression of which of the following?
A) Religiousness
B) Tribal law
C) Spirituality
D) Ecological values

 

 

4. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is providing care to a patient who has recently emigrated to the United States from Eastern Europe. Which of the following would be least effective in providing culturally competent care?
A) Demonstrating a genuine interest in the patient
B) Avoiding assumptions about the patient’s culture
C) Speaking to the patient in his native language.
D) Acquiring information about the patient’s country.

 

 

5. A psychiatric–mental health nurse working in a Veteran’s Administration Medical Center is meeting with a military wife who is an Asian American. The woman is to be joining a support group for wives of veterans who have posttraumatic stress syndrome. When asking her to describe her husband’s mental health problems, which response would the nurse most likely expect?
A) “Oh, he may seem depressed, but it is just a vitamin deficiency. It runs in his family.”
B) “I know the war messed his mind up. He’ll never be the same.”
C) “Sometimes he hallucinates that he is back in Vietnam.”
D) “He just stays to himself; he never talks to me about what is bothering him.”

 

 

6. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is working with a patient who is being treated for depression. Which patient statement would indicate that her spirituality is intact?
A) “My church friends came to visit me this past Sunday afternoon.”
B) “Nothing will ever be the same again; my life is not worth living.”
C) “I know I am as well off as I can be under the circumstances.”
D) “I know God must be punishing me for all my sins.”

 

 

7. A patient is being treated for prostate cancer; his prognosis is very poor. The patient has a strong faith, and he has been active in his church for many years. He is concerned about his health and the challenges he faces as his cancer progresses. Which comment by the nurse reflects the most appropriate spiritual nursing intervention for the patient?
A) “I’ll take you to visit my church if you can get a pass.”
B) “You have to belong to the same church I do if you’re going to go to heaven.”
C) “Would you like me to bring you a guided imagery audiotape?”
D) “We can pray together if you’d like.”

 

 

8. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is teaching a class about social factors associated with mental illness at a community health center. When describing the influence of poverty and effects of the downward economic spiral on mental health, which population would the nurse identify as being the most at risk?
A) Older adults
B) Individuals with physical disabilities
C) Single-parent families
D) Homeless individuals

 

 

9. During an assessment, the patient states, “We rely on our large extensive family for moral support and help and we treat our elders with a great deal of respect. If someone gets sick, the family takes care of him.” The nurse interprets this as indicating which of the following?
A) Acculturation
B) Cultural identity
C) Cultural competence
D) Linguistic competence

 

 

10. Within the context of the culture of poverty, which of the following most clearly describes why individuals who are part of this culture become trapped in a downward economic spiral?
A) Unemployment causes poverty; a lack of willpower and motivation can, in turn, cause unemployment in people who do not have a strong work ethic.
B) Individuals lack the finances to pay rent, so they eventually do not have an address to use in filling out job applications.
C) Characteristics of poverty (joblessness and lack of financial independence) can, in turn, contribute to attributes (feelings of powerlessness and low self-esteem) that sustain poverty.
D) Poverty is passed on from generation to generation; individuals learn at an early age that there is no way to escape living in poverty.

 

 

11. A group of nursing students are reviewing information about spirituality and religiousness. The group demonstrates understanding of these concepts when they identify religiousness as which of the following?
A) Feeling of connectedness
B) Way of interpreting life events
C) Relationship with a unifying force
D) Community participation in common worship

 

 

12. A nursing instructor is preparing a class about rural cultures and the influence on mental health problems. Which of the following would the instructor include as impacting the use of mental health services for this group? Select all that apply.
A) Limited access to care
B) Lack of available resources
C) Geographical similarities
D) Diverse cultural groups
E) Consistency in treatment approaches

 

 

13. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is working on developing cultural competence. Which of the following would be most appropriate for the nurse to do?
A) Research information about the cultures of the population being served after assessing the patients.
B) Recognize that one’s own culture is the predominant way of addressing a patient’s health care needs.
C) Assume that any individual of a racial or ethnic group is the same as another individual in that group.
D) Demonstrate an appreciation of and a genuine interest in the individual and his or her cultural beliefs.

 

 

14. During assessment, a patient tells the nurse that he follows Buddhist beliefs. The nurse would integrate understanding of which of the following when developing the patient’s plan of care?
A) Desire is the cause of all human suffering and misery.
B) Self-indulgence is necessary to reach nirvana.
C) Present behavior is based on current unhappiness.
D) Salvation is achieved through faith and humility.

 

 

15. After teaching a group of students about the beliefs associated with the major religions, the instructor determines that additional teaching is needed when the students identify which belief as associated with Confucianism?
A) People are born good.
B) People are assigned to castes.
C) Authority figures are respected.
D) Self-responsibility leads to improvement.

 

 

16. During an interview, a patient states, “God does not exist for me.” The nurse interprets this statement as reflecting which of the following?
A) Animism
B) Agnosticism
C) Atheism
D) Polytheism

 

 

17. After reviewing the major beliefs of Hinduism, a nursing student identifies the following castes. The student demonstrates understanding by identifying which of the following as the highest caste?
A) Kshatriyas
B) Vaisyas
C) Brahmans
D) Untouchables

 

 

18. The nurse is assessing an Asian American patient. During the interview, the nurse determines that the patient likely follows Taoism based on which statement?
A) “Purity and balance guide all of my actions.”
B) “I strive to be in happy harmony with nature.”
C) “Nature’s powers must be respected in life.”
D) “God is worshipped out of love, not fear.”

 

1. A nurse is explaining advance care directives, or “living wills,” to a patient and the patient’s spouse. Which of the following would the nurse include in the description?
A) The document tells what treatment is to be omitted if the patient is unable to make the decision.
B) It requires that the patient sign the “living will” document while an attorney is present.
C) The patient’s physician must act as a witness when the patient signs the document.
D) An attorney draws up the papers to be given to the patient and his or her family.

 

 

2. A psychiatric–mental health nurse determines that a patient is competent when he is able to do which of the following?
A) Speak coherent English.
B) Communicate his or her choices.
C) Write a “living will.”
D) Comply with the medical regimen.

 

 

3. A patient receives a court order for commitment. Which of the following best exemplifies the concept of “least restrictive environment?”
A) Involuntary commitment to an outpatient community mental health center
B) Medication administration for sedation so the patient cannot get out of bed
C) Placing the patient in a locked padded room in response to threats of self-harm
D) Allowing the patient to make the decision about whether treatment is necessary

 

 

4. A nurse is caring for a patient who is hospitalized for a mental disorder. The nurse is legally obligated to breach the patient’s confidentiality if the patient states which of the following?
A) “I think that the federal government is spying on me.”
B) “I get really ‘turned on’ by your appearance.”
C) “That doctor I had today really made me angry.”
D) “When I get out of here, I’m going to kill my neighbor.”

 

 

5. Which patient would the nurse determine to be the most likely a candidate for involuntary commitment?
A) The client who refuses to take the prescribed medication
B) The client who is screaming in the street disturbing neighbors
C) The client who refuses to participate in the planned therapy
D) The client with a mental disorder who is homeless

 

 

6. The nurse is providing care to a male patient who is hospitalized with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Which of the following would be appropriate for the nurse to include in the patient’s medical record?
A) “Patient states that he had a good night with no complaints.”
B) “Complained of being unable to sleep because he heard voices throughout the night.”
C) “Had a typical night without incidence of insomnia or nightmares.”
D) “Acted crazily throughout the night; kept hearing voices and noises.”

 

 

7. A nurse working on the psychiatric unit receives a telephone call from the employer of one of the patients on the unit. The employer asks to be sent a copy of Mr. Murray’s latest laboratory work and psychological testing results so Mr. Murray’s medical records in employee health can be kept up to date. Based on the nurse’s knowledge about issues surrounding breach of confidentiality, which response would be the most appropriate?
A) “I’m sorry; we’re not allowed to give out that information about our patient.”
B) “I’ll have to get the patient’s signed consent before we can send that information to you.”
C) “I am unable to acknowledge whether or not a Mr. Murray is a patient on this unit.”
D) “Sure, give me your address, and I will see that the information is sent to you.”

 

 

8. A patient is going to be discharged this afternoon from the mental health unit. The patient asks the nurse if a copy of his medical record could be sent to the psychologist he will be seeing on an outpatient basis. Which response by the nurse would be most appropriate?
A) “Sure, we’ll have that information sent out in today’s mail.”
B) “You will need to sign written authorization for us before we can do this.”
C) “I think it would just be best if you just told your psychologist everything he needs to know.”
D) “How are you feeling about being discharged this afternoon?”

 

 

9. A patient’s psychiatrist informs her that he thinks she needs to participate in a 3-month outpatient aftercare program after her discharge. Which of the following would protect the patient’s right to request a second opinion before agreeing to this suggestion?
A) Self-determinism
B) Least restrictive environment
C) Confidentiality
D) Mandates to inform

 

 

10. A nurse is preparing to administer an as-needed (PRN) medication. Which of the following would the nurse need to keep in mind when documenting administration?
A) It requires a separate entry that includes reason for administration, dosage, route, and response to the medication the first time it is administered to a patient.
B) It requires a separate entry that includes reason for administration, dosage, route, and response to the medication every time it is administered to a patient.
C) It requires a separate entry that includes reason for administration, dosage, and route the first time it is administered to a patient.
D) It requires a separate entry that includes reason for administration, dosage, and route every time it is administered to a patient.

 

 

11. A nursing instructor is preparing a class discussion on the topic of self-determinism. Which of the following would the instructor expect to include? Select all that apply.
A) Personal autonomy as a key value
B) Choices based on pleasing others
C) Activities reflect personal goals
D) Right to refuse treatment
E) Lack of empowerment

 

 

12. A group of nursing students are reviewing information about internal rights protection systems. The students demonstrate understanding of this information when they identify which of the following as an example?
A) American Hospital Association
B) American Public Health Association
C) State mental health provider
D) The Joint Commission

 

 

13. After teaching a class about competency and how it is assessed, the nursing instructor determines the need for additional instruction when the class identifies which ability as being evaluated?
A) Communication of choices
B) Understanding of relevant information
C) Appreciation for situation and consequences
D) Discussion of what is right and wrong

 

 

14. A patient is involuntarily committed without a court order. The nurse understands that the emergency short-term hospitalization can occur for which time frame?
A) A maximum of 24 hours
B) 48 to 92 hours
C) 3 to 5 days
D) One week

 

 

15. A nurse is explaining the distinction between confidentiality and privacy. Which of the following would the nurse include as reflecting privacy?
A) Part of personal life not governed by society’s laws
B) Ethical duty for nondisclosure
C) Involvement of two individuals
D) Knowledge of treatment costs and benefits

 

 

16. A psychiatric–mental health patient has an advance care directive on his medical record. A clinician provides treatment that disregards the patient’s directive. The clinician would be liable for which of the following?
A) Assault
B) Battery
C) Medical battery
D) False imprisonment

 

 

17. A group of students are preparing a class presentation about negligence. Which of the following would the group include as an element required for proving negligence? Select all that apply.
A) Duty to provide care
B) Proximate cause
C) Resultant damages
D) Breach of duty
E) Cause in fact
F) Evidence of mistake

 

 

18. A psychiatric–mental health nurse is documenting information in a patient’s medical record. Which of the following would be least likely to increase the nurse’s legal liability?
A) “Patient reported that he was feeling better today than yesterday.”
B) “Administered haloperidol 10 mg IM stat as ordered for agitation.”
C) “Patient was talking with another staff member and started screaming.”
D) “Applied restraints to all four patient extremities.”

 

 

19. After teaching a class of nursing students about the rights of persons receiving mental health services, the instructor determines a need for additional instruction when the students identify which of the following as a right?
A) Freedom from restraints or seclusion
B) Access to one’s own mental health records on request
C) An individualized written treatment plan
D) Refuse treatment during an emergency situation
1. A nursing instructor is explaining the concept of the continuum of care to a group of students. Which of the following would the nurse include in this description?
A) Care provided in episodic intervals
B) System of care that focuses primarily on wellness
C) A single organization as responsible for care delivery
D) Integrated system spanning illness to wellness states

 

 

2. The nurse is employed by a long-term residential treatment center that provides care to a variety of patients with chronic mental disorders. Which role would the nurse primarily assume when working with these patients?
A) Therapist
B) Medication administrator
C) Mediator
D) Educator

 

 

3. A patient has threatened to kill his wife, and it is not anticipated that this crisis will resolve itself. The patient is to be admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit on an involuntary basis. When explaining to the family about this plan, the nurse would identify which of the following as the focus of care?
A) Long-term therapy
B) Rehabilitative services
C) Acute symptom stabilization
D) 24-hour supervision

 

 

4. A nurse is reviewing information about the various types of outpatient mental health care programs. The nurse demonstrates understanding of these types when identifying which of the following as involved in providing the most intensive outpatient nursing care?
A) Partial hospitalization programs
B) Crisis intervention programs
C) Outpatient detoxification programs
D) Rehabilitation programs

 

 

5. A patient who has attempted suicide with a drug overdose has been released from an inpatient setting and has returned to school. The patient continues to need routine psychiatric services. The nurse anticipates that this patient will most likely be referred to which of the following?
A) Partial hospitalization program
B) In-home mental health care
C) Intensive outpatient program
D) Crisis center in the community

 

 

6. The nurse is caring for a group of patients in a partial hospitalization program. The nurse would most likely be involved in which of the following activities?
A) Facilitating a drug abuse prevention group
B) Providing spiritual assessment and related interventions
C) Teaching patients how to plan a menu and to shop for groceries
D) Providing an educational group about the nutritional content of canned foods

 

 

7. A nurse is providing in-home mental health care and determines that the care was effective when the patient demonstrated which of the following?
A) A need for continued intensive monitoring in the home
B) A need for crisis intervention services on an ongoing basis
C) A decrease in admission frequency to inpatient psychiatric hospitals
D) A dependence on parents to participate in the patient’s care

 

 

8. A patient with a psychiatric disorder is considering joining a clubhouse with other patients who have mental disorders. The patient asks the nurse to explain what services the clubhouses provide. Which response by the nurse would be most accurate?
A) “They are open 24 hours a day to provide care and support for the clubhouse members.”
B) “They are run entirely by psychiatric mental health nurses.”
C) “Their primary focus is on providing ongoing intensive psychotherapy for patients in a group setting.”
D) “They are predominately run by psychiatric patients with minimal assistance from mental health staff.”

 

 

9. The nurse is working as part of the interdisciplinary staff of a psychiatric inpatient facility who are developing discharge plans for a patient who requires alternative housing arrangements. The patient will be referred to a personal care home. When explaining this housing arrangement to the patient, which of the following would the nurse include?
A) “You’ll be living with a family in their home, and the family will help supervise and support you.”
B) “You’ll be living in an apartment with a roommate, and a staff member will come by to check on you.”
C) “You’ll be living in a house with about 50 other people and receive 24-hour supervision and assistance.”
D) “You’ll be living in a house with about six to 10 other people, and a health care attendant will provide 24-hour supervision.”

 

 

10. A nurse is developing a community education program for a local women’s club on the topic of managed care in mental health. Which of the following would the nurse include as the main focus?
A) Cost savings
B) Consistent third-party reimbursement
C) Improved access to less costly services
D) Individualized care for additional inpatient stays

 

 

11. When working within the continuum of care, which of the following occurs first?
A) Referral
B) Transfer
C) Assessment
D) Discharge planning

 

 

12. A nurse who is working as part of an interdisciplinary team is looking at potential outpatient services for a patient. The patient requires a setting that provides a program of about 4 hours per day, three times per week with a 24-hour crisis and consultation service. The nurse would identify which of the following as appropriate?
A) Primary care setting
B) Ambulatory level one
C) Ambulatory level two
D) Multimodal outpatient setting

 

 

13. After teaching a group of students about the service and patient variables used when determining settings along the continuum of behavioral care, the instructor determines that the teaching was successful when the students identify which of the following as a service variable?
A) Signs and symptoms
B) Milieu
C) Risk
D) Social support

 

 

14. The parents of a young adult diagnosed with schizophrenia are providing care for the patient in their home. During a home visit, the parents state, “It’s been so difficult taking care of our son. We need a break. But he needs constant supervision.” Which of the following would be appropriate for the nurse to suggest?
A) Partial hospitalization
B) Acute inpatient care
C) Respite residential care
D) Intensive outpatient program

 

 

15. A patient is referred to a psychosocial rehabilitation program. When explaining this type of care to the patient, the nurse would emphasize which of the following?
A) Intensive treatment that prepares the patient to live in the community
B) Services that promote the patient’s reintegration into the community
C) Detoxification services for alcohol and drugs in an outpatient setting
D) Frequent monitoring within a therapeutic milieu for relapse prevention

 

 

16. As part of an interdisciplinary team, a nurse is assisting with a patient assessment to determine the most appropriate setting for treatment. The team decides that an acute ambulatory setting would be most appropriate. Which of the following would support the team’s decision?
A) The patient exhibits moderate to severe symptoms.
B) The patient demonstrates marked impairment in two areas of daily life
C) The patient is unable to contract for treatment beyond initial care.
D) The patient demonstrates a limited ability to seek support.

 

 

1. A client who has a major depressive episode tells the nurse that for the past 2 weeks, he has been hearing voices and at times thinks that someone is following him. History reveals that he had these alternating symptoms before along with times when he has experienced neither of these symptoms and has been able to function adequately. The nurse interprets these findings as suggesting which of the following?
A) Paranoid schizophrenia
B) Undifferentiated schizophrenia
C) Brief psychotic disorder
D) Schizoaffective disorder

 

 

2. A nursing instructor is developing a class lecture that compares and contrasts schizoaffective disorder with schizophrenia. When describing one of the differences between these two diagnoses, which of the following would the instructor include as reflecting schizoaffective disorder?
A) It is episodic in nature.
B) It involves difficulties with self-care.
C) It has less severe hallucinations.
D) It is associated with a lower suicide risk.

 

 

3. The nurse is caring for a client who was diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. Based on the nurse’s understanding of this disorder, the nurse develops a plan of care to address which issue as the top priority?
A) Suicide
B) Aggression
C) Substance abuse
D) Eating disorder

 

 

4. A family member of a client diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder asks a nurse what causes the disorder. Which response by the nurse would be most appropriate?
A) “Dysfunctional family dynamics has been identified as a strong link.”
B) “Research has suggested that the cause is predominately genetic.”
C) “Dopamine, a substance in the brain, appears to be underactive.”
D) “Studies have indicated that birth order is strongly associated with this disorder.”

 

 

5. The nurse is caring for a client who was just admitted with a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder with depression. Which agent would the nurse anticipate as being prescribed for this client?
A) Lithium
B) Haloperidol
C) Chlorpromazine
D) Clozapine

 

 

6. The nurse is assessing a newly admitted client diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder. The nurse assesses the client’s level of anxiety and reactions to stressful situations, obtaining this information for which reason?
A) To help determine the client’s outcomes after treatment
B) To help identify whether or not the client’s mental competency is intact
C) To act as a predictor of the client’s risk for a suicide attempt
D) To provide a basis for evaluating the client’s social skills

 

 

7. The nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with a delusional disorder. While assessing this client, which of the following would the nurse expect to find?
A) History of chronic major depression
B) Consistently disrupting behavior patterns
C) Verbalization of bizarre delusions
D) Living with one or more delusions for a period of time

 

 

8. The nurse is preparing to interview a client who has a delusional disorder. Which of the following would the nurse expect?
A) Cognitive impairment
B) Normal behavior
C) Labile affect
D) Evidence of motor symptoms

 

 

9. The nurse is preparing to document information obtained from a client diagnosed with a delusional disorder who is experiencing somatic delusions. Which of the following would the nurse most likely document?
A) Disorientation
B) Reduced attention span
C) Above average intelligence
D) Body complaints

 

 

10. A client with schizoaffective disorder is prescribed clozapine to treat her symptoms. Which of the following instructions would the nurse provide?
A) “Keep a record of how often and how long you experience the side effect of dry mouth.”
B) “Monitor your urinary output and notify your doctor if your urine changes color.”
C) “Keep an eye on your weight, and if you gain weight rapidly, notify your doctor.”
D) “If you experience any drowsiness, discontinue taking this medication.”

 

 

11. After teaching a group of students about the epidemiology of schizoaffective disorder, the instructor determines that the teaching was successful when the students state which of the following?
A) “The disorder occurs often in children.”
B) “It is more likely to occur in women.”
C) “Most persons are African Americans.”
D) “The disorder is rare in family relatives.”

 

 

12. A client with schizoaffective disorder is having difficulty adhering to the medication regimen that requires the use of several agents. The client also is experiencing several side effects contributing to this nonadherence. The physician plans to change the client’s medication. Which agent would the nurse anticipate that the physician would prescribe?
A) Lithium
B) Aripiprazole
C) Clozapine
D) Olanzapine

 

 

13. While interviewing a client diagnosed with a delusional disorder, the client states, “I have this really strange odor coming out of my mouth. I stop to brush my teeth almost every hour and then rinse with mouthwash every half hour to get rid of this smell. I’ve seen so many doctors, and they can’t tell me what’s wrong.” The nurse interprets the client’s statement as reflecting which type of delusion?
A) Erotomanic
B) Grandiose
C) Somatic
D) Jealous

 

 

14. As part of an interdisciplinary team, a nurse is assisting in developing the plan of care for a client with a delusional disorder. Which of the following would the team be least likely to include in the plan?
A) Insight-oriented therapy
B) Psychoeducation
C) Cognitive therapy
D) Support therapy

 

 

15. When assessing a client with delusional disorder, the nurse would most likely expect to find impairment in which of the following? Select all that apply.
A) Social functioning
B) Marital functioning
C) Intellectual functioning
D) Occupational functioning
E) Mental status functioning

 

 

16. When obtaining a client’s history, the nurse determines that the client has been experiencing delusions and hallucinations for the past 3 months, which has caused some problems in his ability to function on a daily basis at work. He also is exhibiting catatonic excitement, echopraxia, loose associations, and pressured speech. The nurse suspects which of the following?
A) Schizophrenia
B) Schizoaffective disorder
C) Brief Psychotic disorder
D) Schizophreniform disorder

 

 

17. A group of nursing students is reviewing information about other psychotic disorders. The students demonstrate understanding of this information when they identify which disorder as involving an inducer?
A) Brief psychotic disorder
B) Schizophreniform disorder
C) Shared psychotic disorder
D) Psychotic disorder attributable to a substance

 

1. A group of nursing students is reviewing information about sexual development. The students demonstrate understanding of the information when they describe biosexual identity as which of the following?
A) Conviction of belonging to the male or female gender
B) Outward expression of gender
C) Sexual attraction to opposite, same, or both sexes
D) Anatomic and physiologic state of being male or female

 

 

2. When describing the events associated with the determination of sex of a fetus, which of the following would the nurse most likely include in the discussion?
A) Genes on the Y chromosome
B) Formation of ovaries
C) Rising testosterone levels
D) Neurochemical inhibition

 

 

3. A nurse is preparing a presentation for a local senior group about sexuality and sexual behaviors in older adults. Which of the following would the nurse need to address? Select all that apply.
A) Decreased vaginal lubrication
B) Decreased amount of sperm
C) Enhanced clitoral response
D) Thickening of vaginal mucosa
E) Increased ejaculation time

 

 

4. A woman comes to the clinic for a routine visit. While interviewing the client and obtaining a sexual history, the client states, “I’ve always wondered what is happening in my body when I become sexually aroused.” The nurse would incorporate an understanding of which of the following as the control mechanism?
A) Sympathetic nervous system
B) Endocrine system
C) Parasympathetic nervous system
D) Central nervous system

 

 

5. A nurse is preparing a teaching plan for a client about the sexual response cycle integrating the theoretical model described by Masters and Johnson. Which of the following would the nurse describe as occurring first?
A) Erotic feelings
B) Penile erection
C) Vaginal lubrication
D) Increased muscle tension

 

 

6. A female client is diagnosed with female orgasmic disorder and is receiving treatment by a qualified sex therapist. The client and her partner are being taught sensate focus. Which of the following would the couple be required to do first?
A) Have sexual intercourse.
B) Engage in genital touching.
C) Participate in nongenital contact.
D) Use masturbation.

 

 

7. A nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client with a sexual dysfunction. Which of the following if noted in the client’s history would the nurse identify as a possible contributing factor? Select all that apply.
A) Antihypertensive therapy
B) Diabetes
C) Peptic ulcer disease
D) Appendectomy at age 15 years
E) Occasional alcohol use

 

 

8. A client with premature ejaculation is prescribed sertraline as part of the treatment plan. The nurse explains the medication to the client, informing him that the effectiveness of the drug will most likely be evident in approximately which time frame?
A) 5 to 7 days
B) 1 to 2 weeks
C) 3 to 4 weeks
D) 6 to 8 weeks

 

 

9. A client with erectile dysfunction who is prescribed sildenafil asks the nurse, “When should I take the medication?” Which response by the nurse would be most appropriate?
A) “You should take it every morning when you first get up.”
B) “Take it about ½ to 2 hours before you have sexual activity.”
C) “You need to take it about 5 minutes before you have intercourse.”
D) “Take it at night before bedtime.”

 

 

10. A sexual history of a female client reveals that the client has a normal sex drive and reports of orgasm through means other than intercourse. The client also has a history of being raped several years ago. The client reports spasms of the perineal and outer vaginal muscles when vaginal intercourse is attempted. The nurse interprets these findings as suggesting which of the following?
A) Priapism
B) Dyspareunia
C) Sexual aversion disorder
D) Vaginismus

 

 

11. A client diagnosed with male orgasmic dysfunction is receiving desensitization as part of the treatment plan. The nurse understands that this treatment focuses on achieving which of the following?
A) Decrease the pressure to perform
B) Increase awareness of pleasurable sensations
C) Eliminate spectatoring
D) Decrease anxiety and fear

 

 

12. A nurse identifies the nursing diagnosis of Ineffective Sexuality Patterns based on which of the following?
A) The sexual problem is causing dissatisfaction for the client.
B) The client has experienced a change in sexual functioning.
C) The client is feeling inadequacy related to the sexual problem.
D) The client believes that sexual activity is unrewarding.

 

 

13. A client has been admitted to the inpatient psychiatric facility as part of a court-ordered program. The client was arrested numerous times over the past several months for exposing his genitals and masturbating in public in front of an elementary school. The nurse interprets this behavior as reflecting which of the following?
A) Frotteurism
B) Exhibitionism
C) Sexual masochism
D) Voyeurism

 

 

14. A group of students is reviewing medications used to treat erectile dysfunction. The students demonstrate understanding of the information when they identify which of the following as being administered by injection?
A) Tadalafil
B) Papaverine
C) Alprostadil
D) Vardenafil

 

 

15. A nursing instructor is preparing a class discussion about sexual disorders. Which of the following would the instructor include when describing gender identity disorders?
A) They typically involve same-sex identification.
B) The individual experiences discomfort about his or her own assigned sex.
C) Recurrent intense sexual urges lead to significant distress.
D) Changes in sexual desire and response are key characteristics.